Hermit crabs (Pagurus spp.) at their northernmost range: distribution, abundance and shell use in the European Arctic
Hermit crabs are important components of Arctic benthic systems, yet baseline data on their densities and distribution patterns in this rapidly changing region are still scarce. Here we compile results of numerous research expeditions to Svalbard, the Barents Sea and northern Norway that were carried out from 1979 to 2011 by the Institute of Oceanology, Polish Academy of Sciences. The diversity of hermit crabs at the northern edge of their occurrence is very low; in Svalbard waters only one species (Pagurus pubescens) was detected. Another species (P. bernhardus), found in northern mainland Norway, north of the Arctic Circle, is likely to extend its distribution northward as the climate warms. Where the two species co-occur, competition between them probably accounts for the smaller sizes and poorer quality shells used by P. pubescens. The composition of the mollusc shells inhabited by these crabs differs between northern Norway and Svalbard, reflecting local mollusc species pools. Hermit crab densities were significantly higher than previously reported (max. mean 10 ind. m−2), suggesting their increasing level of dominance in benthic communities in the studied areas. The first to report the distribution of hermit crabs among habitats, this study showed that most individuals occurred at shallow depths (5–150 m), away from glacier termini and on hard bedrock rather than on soft substrata.
A man’s estate could not convince an appellate panel that a psychiatric center where he was staying was liable for his death based on the theory of premises liability.Roy Martinez was a former patient at Metcalf House, a voluntary group home operated by Oaklawn Psychiatric Center that offered supervised living for patients who don’t require inpatient services.While staying at the home, Martinez was involved in a fight with Metcalf resident assistant Kennedy Kafatia after Martinez refused to go to bed. In the midst of their scuffle after both reaching for a lamp, Martinez suffered a leg injury when Kafatia kicked him in the shin. Kafatia called 911 but stayed away from Martinez while waiting for police to arrive, which was consistent with Oaklawn’s protocol for handling altercations with the psychiatric patients of Metcalf House.The large laceration on his leg ultimately killed Martinez, and his estate sued Oaklawn, alleging liability for Martinez’s injuries and resulting death under the Wrongful Death Act in Linda Martinez, as the Personal Representative of the Estate of Roy Martinez v. Oaklawn Psychiatric Center, 18A-CT-2883.Oaklawn filed a motion to dismiss, asserting that because it was a qualified health care provider under Indiana’s Medical Malpractice Act, the estate was required to file its claim with a medical review panel. A trial court granted the motion, finding that Kafatia’s alleged conduct was “not ‘unrelated to the promotion of a patient’s health or the provider’s exercise of professional expertise, skill, or judgment.’”In its affirmation of the dismissal, the Indiana Court of Appeals found Kafatia’s attempts to enforce Martinez’s curfew by telling him to go to bed, attempting to turn off the light and ultimately kicking him was a part of Oaklawn’s provision of healthcare to Martinez. FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail Katie Stancombe for www.theindianalawyer.com The appellate court cited Cox v. Evansville Police Department, et al., 107 N.E.3d 453 (Ind. 2018), noting that the current test under Trial Rule 12(B)(1) regarding whether the MMA applies to specific misconduct is to determine “whether that misconduct arises naturally or predictably from the relationship between the health care provider and patient or from an opportunity provided by that relationship.”“When the altercation occurred that injured Martinez, Kafatia was naturally responding to Martinez’s physically aggressive behavior by defending himself. Kafatia thereafter followed Oaklawn’s protocol by removing himself from Martinez’s immediate physical presence and waiting for law enforcement to assist with Martinez,” Judge Paul Mathias wrote for the panel.“These facts and circumstances, together with the broadened scope of employment set forth in Cox, place the incident and injuries squarely within the scope of the Medical Malpractice Act,” the panel concluded.An attorney for Martinez’s estate argued before the panel last month that Kafatia’s actions that led to Martinez’s death should take him outside the scope of protections under the Medical Malpractice Act, despite being an employee of a healthcare facility.Separately, Kafatia was charged criminally with neglect of a dependent causing death in Martinez’s case, but a St. Joseph County jury found him not guilty in April, the South Bend Tribune reported.
Another Award Given for Finding Aleah BeckerleCathy Murray, the woman who discovered the body of Aleah Beckerle, receives another financial award this week. United Fidelity Bank and the Bring Aleah Home Fund gave Murray $2,000. Spokesperson for the Beckerle family, Laura Jackson, says…FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail
Left to right: Kenneth Sedberry, President 2015 Ocean City Board of REALTORS, Jeung Leon -Nurse Manager Shore Medical Center, Ken Cooper- Monihan Realty, Maria Marinelli- Long & Foster Realty & Chair of Bubble Mania Committee, Gloria Votta- RE/Max at The Shore Realty, Karen Sharkey- Admin. Director Nursing, Shore Medical Center, Nicholas Marotta- Berkshire Hathaway Fox & Roach Realtors, Lynda Greaves-Grace Realty, Jane Snyder- Berkshire Hathaway Fox & Roach Realtors, Chelsea Connor- Goldcoast Sotheby’s Intl. , Anne Gallagher – Grace Realty.The Ocean City Board of Realtors Bubble Mania Committee presented a check of $2,255 to the Pediatric Care Center at Shore Medical Center earlier this week.Bubble Mania was a day of family activities during the Ocean City Airport Festival on Sept. 13. The event included fun bubble activities for kids of all ages. T-shirts, food, candy and beverages were available for sale to raise funds.Shore’s Pediatric Care Center, the first of its kind in New Jersey, was designed to ensure children receive the best care possible in a setting specially designed for kids. It offers a dedicated and separate Pediatric Quick Care area, Board certified emergency department physicians, highly skilled, specially trained pediatric emergency nurses and onsite neonatologists, who are at Shore 24/7/365 for pediatric consultations. For more information please visit: www.shoremedicalcenter.org.— News release from the Ocean City Board of Realtors
It was a deft explanation that, to many observers, gave credence to the nickname “Slick Willie.” President Bill Clinton, facing increasing questions about his relationship with White House intern Monica Lewinsky, appeared on PBS’s “NewsHour” with host Jim Lehrer on Jan. 21, 1998, to deny allegations of an affair with “that woman, Ms. Lewinsky.”Lehrer: ‘No improper relationship’: Define what you mean by that.Clinton: Well, I think you know what it means. It means that there is not a sexual relationship, an improper sexual relationship, or any other kind of improper relationship.Lehrer: You had no sexual relationship with this young woman?Clinton: There is not a sexual relationship. That is accurate.Of course, there indeed had been a sexual relationship, but at the time of this exchange, Clinton and Lewinsky were no longer involved, making Clinton’s declaration that there “is not” a relationship technically true — but also misleading to anyone not attuned to the president’s lawyerly linguistic parsing.Clinton’s statement — not quite a lie and not quite truthful — is a memorable example of a surprisingly common, deceptive practice called paltering, according to a recent working paper from faculty at Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), Harvard Business School (HBS), and the Wharton School. The team studied the risks and rewards of selectively disclosing factual but incomplete pieces of information during business negotiations.“Paltering is when a communicator says truthful things and in the process knowingly leads the listener to a false conclusion. It has the same effect as lying, but it allows the communicator to say truthful things and, some of our studies suggest, feel like they’re not being as deceptive as liars,” said Todd Rogers, a behavioral scientist at HKS who co-authored the paper with Richard Zeckhauser, the Frank Plumpton Ramsey Professor of Political Economy at HKS, along with negotiation scholars Francesca Gino and Michael I. Norton from HBS, and Wharton Professor Maurice Schweitzer.Paltering will sound familiar to anyone who’s had a job interview or gone on a blind date, and may appear benign or even admirable, like the hallmark of a shrewd negotiator or a polished self-marketer. But, Rogers says, unlike a lie of omission, paltering is a deliberate tactic designed to distort another’s view of a situation, not a simple failure to volunteer relevant information. At its core, paltering is about manipulation to gain the upper hand.“Yes, it is self-presentation, it is trying to put your best foot forward and trying to present yourself as the best version of you, but in the process, knowingly misleading the other person,” he said.Paltering is an area that hasn’t been well-studied. Rogers was inspired to dig into it while working on a paper with HBS’ Norton about how politicians dodge questions during debates and about whether the public notices or punishes them for not answering properly (it doesn’t). “They often actually say things that have the feel of answering it, but lead people to a strategically guided conclusion that may not be true — that’s what sort of prompted this broader project,” he said.Building on prior negotiation findings of behavioral scientists such as HBS’s Gino and Max Bazerman, the working-paper team ran several studies to assess the attitudes, benefits, and risks of artful paltering. In one study of 65 mid- to senior-level managers enrolled in an executive-education course at HBS, 66 percent reported paltering in most (22 percent) or some (45 percent) of their deal-making. Ninety-two percent of the managers said they palter in order to get a better deal, while 80 percent reported that when they palter, they think of it as honest.The paper finds that not only does paltering lead to heightened negotiating impasses because critical information is left out, thus hampering decision-making, but if those key details are discovered the palterer’s reputation may be damaged, leading to the loss of future deal-making opportunities.Paltering is effective and offers some benefits, but it’s not entirely without risk, the paper concludes. Palterers often get away with their deceptions because it’s hard for a counterpart to ferret out enough missing, relevant facts to detect that they’ve been fooled. And because palterers are rarely confronted with accusations of lying, they are typically emboldened to try it again because their conscience is clear. Even if caught, they’re often judged by outside observers less harshly than if they had lied outright.“It’s a deception that leads the deceiver not to feel as bad about themselves” because it’s not viewed as negatively as lying, thus a person’s “self-image and self-concept is not as violated by paltering,” said Rogers.
Professor of psychology, Daniel Lapsley, said the majority of teenagers violate the law in some way; he stole a Bob Dylan album when he was younger, but this behavior is not indicative of a teen at risk of a life of crime.Lapsley, who also serves as the chair of the Psychology Department, spoke in the Eck Visitors Center auditorium Thursday evening about adolescent development and its effect on behavior and the formation of identity. Lapsley’s talk was titled “The Promise and Perils of Adolescence” and was sponsored by the Notre Dame Club of St. Joseph Valley.Lapsley said changes in the way the brain processes serotonin and dopamine during adolescence can affect the way an adolescent weighs decisions and their consequences.“The teen is more drawn to the potential benefits of a decision than the potential consequences, and this is because of the work of the limbic system,” he said. “Teens are drawn to immediate benefit, so much so that they are willing to settle for less as long as the benefit is received faster.”“As kids get older, they are more likely to consider both the risk and the benefit of their decisions, and they are more likely to consider the long term consequences of their actions,” he said.Lapsley said there are elements of adolescence that are shared across different species — something that is a result of evolutionary changes in the brain.“This occurs not just in human adolescence, but across all mammalian species,” Lapsley said. “This indicates that this risk-taking and sensation-seeking conveys an evolutionary advantage, which is a point I hope you keep in mind in worrying about of your own kids.”“As result, teenagers are more emotional, more responsive to stress and more likely to engage in reward and sensation-seeking,” he said. “These changes also make teenagers more vulnerable to substance abuse and depression.”Lapsley said a concern to answer the question “Who am I?” drives the intellectual complexity of the adolescent. The search for the answer to this question, he said, can result in a sense of egocentrism in which teens feel as though they are the center of the attention.“As a consequence of adolescent egocentrism, teens are set to construct imaginary audiences,” Lapsley said. “They assume that they are on stage and everyone else in their lives is the audience they are playing to, and so this is said to account for the heightened sense of self-consciousness. You’d be self-conscious too if you thought the whole school was buzzing about you, noticing all of your flaws and applauding your achievements.”The professor said adolescence is characterized by a search for identity, one that is consistent between the person you were as a child and the promise of what you will be in adulthood.“I think individuation is a balancing between agency and community,” Lapsley said. “This is sometimes called the basic duality of human existence. We all want to be independent and autonomous, but we don’t want to be isolated or alienated or lonely.“As much we yearn for attachment, union and love, we don’t want to be enmeshed in our relationships. We must strike a balance, and a lot of the pain of adolescence is trying to find out where that balance is.”He said improving the ability of a child to cope with adversity doesn’t take anything exotic; it just takes the formation of meaningful, healthy relationships.“The most important part of resiliency is that a kid has one good relationship with a caring adult who conveys that to the child,” Lapsley said. “Children bring a lot to the table, but the most important thing is that this recruit the attention of an adult in a child’s life.”Lapsley said he hopes his audience identifies with his topics in the same way he identifies with them.“I think that’s why I got into this,” he said. “I think that’s why I study adolescence, because at the end of the day the topics that are of interest to me, that I like to study and write about, are things that I think I’ve wrestled with myself.”Tags: adolescence, decision making, psychology
ENTRE RIOS DO OESTE, Brazil – Federal Police seized more than two tons of marijuana near the border with Paraguay, in the city of Entre Rios do Oeste, in the state of Paraná in southern Brazil, officials said. The maritime police (Depom) confiscated 2,247 kilograms (4,953 pounds) aboard a boat on the waters of the Itaipu dam on Sept. 10. The crew managed to flee before they could be taken into custody, and officials said they haven’t determined the marijuana’s owner. Officials have seized 46 tons of drugs along the nation’s border this year, according to the Brazilian website Folha.com. MEXICO CITY – Marines have apprehended Sergio Villarreal Barragán, the alleged leader of the Beltrán Leyva cartel and one of the country’s most sought-after fugitives, during a recent raid in the central state of Puebla, officials said. Sergio Villarreal Barragán, who goes by the alias “El Grande,” was taken into custody without incident along with two other suspects as they were leaving a house in the city of Puebla, Alejandro Poire, a government security spokesman, said. “This is a new and resounding blow by the federal government against crime, given the high rank of this [dangerous] person inside one of the country’s most extensive criminal organizations, which has now been deeply weakened,” Poire said in a statement. About 30 marines participated in the apprehension, which took about 30 minutes, according to The Associated Press. The arrest of Sergio Villarreal Barragán is a major milestone for President Felipe Calderón’s fight against narcotics in the past year. Felipe Calderón’s first big win occurred when marines killed Arturo Beltrán Leyva, the head of the Beltrán Leyva cartel on Dec. 16 of last year. About seven months later, soldiers fatally shot Ignacio “Nacho” Coronel, the No. 3 leader of the Sinaloa cartel on July 29. Édgar Valdez Villarreal, one of the country’s most-wanted fugitives, was taken into custody on Aug. 30. Mexico’s Attorney General’s Office had offered a reward of about US$2 million for the capture of Sergio Villarreal Barragán, who is a key figure in at least seven drug trafficking and organized crime investigations, Poire said. The Beltrán Leyva cartel “had constituted one of the groups with the largest presence in the country,” Poire said, according to the AP. Brazil: Police seize more than two tons of marijuana BOGOTÁ, Colombia – The navy recently seized about 1.2 tons of cocaine stashed in a cache on a motorboat in the Caribbean Sea. The boat was stopped off the coast of the department of Antioquia, but the three crew members fled before they could be apprehended, according to the navy. The navy made the seizure with the help of counter-narcotics agents and the Administrative Security Department (DAS). It is unclear who owned the cocaine, which had a street value of about US$28 million, officials said. The bust, however, was yet another victory for President Juan Manuel Santos, who has continued to wage a tough fight against narcotics trafficking – a stance taken by his predecessor, Álvaro Uribe. Officials said they’ve seized about 21 tons of cocaine being transported via the Caribbean Sea so far this year, according to the Colombian news website El Espectador. Brazil: Crack-filled car explodes GUATEMALA CITY, Guatemala – Counter-narcotics police seized 296 kilograms (651 pounds) of cocaine and two fishing boats and arrested an Ecuadoran during an operation in the Pacific Ocean, Pablo Castillo, a police spokesman, said. The narcotics, which were being shipped from Ecuador, were taken to the Pacific Naval Base about 120 kilometers south of the nation’s capital. Officials did not release the suspect’s name since they are in the process of verifying his identification, according to the Guatemalan news website Hoy.com. The operation is a success in President Álvaro Colom’s fight to keep Guatemala from being a hub in the trafficking of narcotics from South America to the United States. Guatemala: Police confiscate 296 kilograms of cocaine CURITIBANOS, Brazil – A car exploded while it fueled in a gas station, spewing crack and marijuana into the street in the city of Curitibanos, in the southern state of Santa Catarina this past weekend, officials said. Idesio Inácio Albino Filho, 36, and Fabiana Maria Fanton, 24, were arrested after police seized 3.5 kilograms (7.7 pounds) of drugs. They were travelling in a Ford Escort from Paraguay to the city of Blumenau, in the state of Santa Catarina, police said, when they stopped at a gas station. But the gas caused the crack, which was hidden in the car’s cylinder, to explode, according to the Brazilian website Folha.com. Filho and Fanton each suffered head injuries and were taken by police to a nearby hospital for treatment, according to The Associated Press. Colombia: Police seize about US$24 million Colombia: Navy seizes more than a ton of cocaine BOGOTÁ, Colombia – National Police officers found $43 billion pesos (US$24 million) they suspect belonged to narcotics traffickers in the western area of the nation’s capital, police spokesmen and government officials said. The seizure “is linked to a very large operation that we are conducting with authorities from the United States,” Defense Minister Rodrigo Rivera told Caracol Radio. National Police Director Gen. Óscar Naranjo would not divulge specific details of the operation because he didn’t want to “interrupt an ongoing operation of the highest impact against Colombian organized crime,” according to EFE. “In the next few weeks, U.S. authorities, Colombian prosecutors and the police will be giving the final result of the operation,” he said. The operation was at least the third major bust in the past three weeks in Bogotá, as police discovered US$12 million in a vehicle on Aug. 30 and US$16 million in another one on Sept. 1, officials said. By Dialogo September 15, 2010 WITH BENITO: NEWS AND SOLUTIONS. Supposed leader, I mentioned, I told him noâ€¦noâ€¦no, read that and to whom he would read it, Adolfo Hit, a fixed shot. I donâ€™t know how to pronounce it, I donâ€™t care. And how did it end up. FOR BETTER CULTURE. wwwyoutube benito eduardo rojas wwwyoutbe triunfadoreduardo.
continue reading » ShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr NAFCU’s 2019 board election cycle is now open with four director positions available – one at-large position and one position each for the Eastern, Southern and Western Regions. Two incumbents are seeking re-election.The NCUA’s restructuring of its regional offices went into effect Jan. 1, and NAFCU’s regional board positions now reflect those changes.An email to NAFCU members today will include information on how to access the candidate application.At-Large Director Jan Roche (State Department Federal Credit Union, Alexandria, Va.) and Eastern Region Director Brian Schools (Chartway Federal Credit Union, Virginia Beach, Va.) are running again for three-year terms.The open board positions for the Southern and Western Regions are also for three-year terms.
The nation’s community bankers on Monday renewed their call for Congress to re-examine the credit union tax exemption in an effort to “promote a level playing field” for financial institutions.The Independent Community Bankers of America released its “Community Focus 2020” legislative agenda on Monday and singled out credit unions and the NCUA for criticism, much like other banking trade groups have.“Today’s credit unions are leveraging their tax subsidy for rapid growth, purchasing multi-million-dollar stadium naming rights, flaunting their nearly unlimited fields of membership, and expanding their activities well beyond their original mission,” the bankers association said.And when it comes to the NCUA, the bankers contend that the agency consistently pushes the envelope and acts as a cheerleader for the industry. ShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr continue reading »
Here to Help is a campaign from the Food Standards Agency which provides easy online access to practical information and resources to support food businesses. It features tailored guidance, case studies, industry insight and webinars to help food businesses get back and stay on their feet following the challenges of Covid-19. Support will continue across the summer and will react to the changing needs of food businesses. Are you a food business that had to adapt to stay afloat during Covid-19? You are not alone. Many food businesses have continued to thrive through the pandemic by diversifying their type of business, such as pivoting to home delivery and selling food online. While you can’t predict what the future brings (especially these days), making sure you do things correctly to keep everyone safe and your business compliant is a big win.So in the latest of our Guide for SMEs series, we asked the Food Standards Agency (FSA) for some tips on how you can adapt and trade safely in the new normal.“For many food businesses, coronavirus has marked a profound and lasting shift in how they operate. Since lockdown, food heroes across the country have worked hard to adapt to the changing situation and respond to the often unprecedented challenges arising from this pandemic,” says the Food Standards Agency’s head of regulatory compliance, Michael Jackson.“We are proud that the food industry has risen to the challenge, finding innovative ways to connect with their customers, while maintaining good social distancing, food hygiene and food safety measures.”If you have changed or adapted your business model, reading our guidance and acting accordingly will help you address the potential risks introduced by the ‘new normal’. We want to ultimately support you to protect your customers and build their confidence in your business.”I am considering changing how I operate my food business due to the pandemic. What are the things I need to do to trade safely?The first thing you need to do is let your local authority or council know that you have changed your business model, so they are aware.Will I need to redo my paperwork?Sometimes changing your business model can introduce additional food safety risks into your operations. You will need to review and, where necessary, update your HACCP-based Food Safety Management System (such as Safer food, better business). Also consider the impact of the changes. You should check that the changes you have made have not introduced any additional hazards and consider the impact of these changes to your usual hygiene and food safety practices.How will this affect my staff?You should make all staff aware of changes to your Food Safety Management Systems, and how this will affect them. Do make sure they receive the necessary training to enable them to manage the changed processes.I’m planning on selling food online. What do I need to consider when it comes to providing allergen information?If you are selling food online, don’t forget you must provide allergen information at the point of sale (for example on your website) and at the point of delivery (for example on the food container). This is a legal requirement and important to ensure your customers can make safe food choices.I’ve changed my model to delivery and takeaway. What should I consider?All food must be delivered to consumers safely, so it does not become unsafe or unfit to eat. Food that needs refrigerating must be kept cool while being transported. This may need to be packed in an insulated box with a coolant gel pack or in a cool bag. Equally, food that needs to be kept hot should be packed in an insulated bag.Can I use my car to transport food? If you use a domestic vehicle (or a non-food industry business vehicle) to transport your food orders, look on our website for the hygiene requirements and vehicle specifications that should be met.I’m packing food up for delivery – any tips? Select appropriate food-grade packaging that is designed, for example, for the transport of hot food, to make sure the transported food is safe and its quality is maintained. Think about how to prevent leaks, or to stop grease soaking through, so that contaminants or germs won’t transfer onto the food. Well-fitting lids or closures will also minimise any hygiene or spillage risks.My usual supplier is having problems. What should I be looking for when sourcing a new supplier and products?It’s so important to only purchase food from reputable suppliers. We are aware that the disruptive effect of Covid-19 has introduced risks of misrepresentation and illicit supply practices to meet demand. Be vigilant when faced with a deal that’s too good to be true. It usually is.Also, if sourcing a substitute product to replace one you usually use, do not assume the ingredients are the same and make sure you check for any allergens you would need to take account of. You can report suspected food crime to the National Food Crime Unit. You can also report a business behaving unfairly, or profiteering, during Covid-19 to the Competition & Markets Authority.For more on the practical steps on how to start a food business from home, visit the FSA’s Here to Help guidance.