Twitter Pinterest Twitter Facebook Pinterest By Network Indiana – September 5, 2020 0 295 WhatsApp Google+ (Photo supplied/Centers For Disease Control and Prevention) A potential coronavirus vaccine will go through clinical trials at IUPUI.The vaccine developed by AstraZeneca is of four potential COVID vaccines in their final phase of testing before federal approval. The I-U School of Medicine will be one of 81 sites nationwide testing the vaccine on 30-thousand volunteers.I-U will inject its first test subject next week. Researchers are looking for 15-hundred adult volunteers who haven’t had the virus already, and who work in places like schools, stores and warehouses, placing them at higher risk for exposure to the virus.I-U clinical medicine professor Cynthia Brown says the AstraZeneca vaccine is actually a one-two punch of two vaccines, with patients returning for a second shot four weeks after the first. That means patients won’t start getting the second dose till mid-October. The Centers for Disease Control have advised states to be ready to distribute a vaccine by November.Brown says other trial sites have already started administering the AstraZeneca vaccine, and two other companies are more than a month into trials on their own versions. The companies’ data review committees will assess when there’s enough information to say with confidence whether the vaccine is both effective and safe. It’s then the Food and Drug Administration’s job to decide when there’s enough data showing a meaningful response to approve the vaccine.“I just want to say I’m glad I’m not at the F-D-A having to make those decisions,” Brown says.Followup with participants will continue even past approval of the vaccine, for up to two years. Brown says researchers need a full picture of any potential side effects, and are trying to establish how long patients remain immune after receiving the vaccine. Previous articleWawasee High School switches to remote learningNext articleCoronavirus support scam reported at Indiana University Network Indiana WhatsApp Facebook Google+ Potential coronavirus vaccine to go through clinical trials at IUPUI CoronavirusIndianaLocalNews
CoronavirusIndianaLocalNews WhatsApp (Photo supplied/Purdue University) 27 Greek or co-operative living houses have students that have been told to quarantine or isolate of coronavirus concerns at Purdue University, but the school is not saying which houses those are.They are saying six of those houses are on full quarantine. The latest numbers from Purdue, according to the school’s COVID dashboard page, show 298 students and 21 employees have gotten the virus out of over 12-thousand tested since August 1st.Indiana University has a whole list of Greek houses affected by the virus and even has an online dashboard page of how many students per house have tested positive.IU is the only school known to have such a dashboard page specifically for Greek houses.Tippecanoe County as a whole, where Purdue is located, has a much lower positivity rate over the last seven days compared to Monroe (IU), Delaware (Ball State), and Vigo (Indiana State) Counties, all of which are home to major universities.St. Joseph County (Notre Dame) and Marion County (Bulter, IUPUI) are the only other counties with major universities that have a 7-day positivity at or below 5-percent.– Tippecanoe County: 2.94% 7-day positivity rate (all tests) with 24 weekly reported cases.– St. Joseph County: 4.49% 7-day positivity rate (all tests) with 112 weekly cases.– Marion County: 5.59% 7-day positivity rate (all tests) with 85 weekly cases.– Monroe County: 9.2% 7-day positivity rate (all tests) with 49 weekly cases.– Delaware County: 11.2% 7-day positivity rate (all tests) with 52 weekly cases.– Vigo County: 11.3% 7-day positivity rate (all tests) with 255 weekly cases. Twitter Pinterest Facebook Previous articleExpanded 9/11 Memorial in Indianapolis one year awayNext articleNorthwood High School Athletics Jon ZimneyJon Zimney is the News and Programming Director for News/Talk 95.3 Michiana’s News Channel and host of the Fries With That podcast. Follow him on Twitter @jzimney. More than two dozen Greek houses at Purdue University ordered to quarantine By Jon Zimney – September 11, 2020 0 316 Facebook Google+ Google+ Pinterest WhatsApp Twitter
IndianaLocalNews Google+ By 95.3 MNC – November 10, 2020 0 215 Facebook Facebook WhatsApp Pinterest Twitter WhatsApp (Photo supplied/Elkhart Truth) All Indiana Bureau of Motor Vehicle branches will be closed on Wednesday, Nov. 11 in observance of the Veterans Day holiday.Branches resume regularly scheduled business hours on Thursday, Nov. 12.For a complete list of branch locations and hours, to complete an online transaction, or to find a 24-hour BMV Connect kiosk visit IN.gov/BMV. Twitter Google+ Pinterest All Indiana BMV branches closed on Wednesday for Veterans Day Previous articleIU Law Prof: President Trump could have tough court battleNext articleThe favorite Thanksgiving side dishes in Indiana, Michigan are… 95.3 MNCNews/Talk 95.3 Michiana’s News Channel is your breaking news and weather station for northern Indiana and southwestern Michigan.
IndianaLocalNews Facebook Pinterest Boy, 14, faces murder and child molestation charges connected to death of New Carlisle girl Pinterest Google+ (“Court Gavel – Judge’s Gavel – Courtroom” by wp paarz, CC BY-SA 2.0) The 14-year-old boy teen arrested in connection with the death of a 6-year-old girl in New Carlisle has been charged with murder and child molestation.Grace Ross was reported missing by her family in the early evening hours of March 12. Her body was found after a two-hour search in a wooded area and the teen suspect was arrested shortly afterward.Ross died due to asphyxiation. Her death was ruled a homicide.The teen faces murder, felony murder and child molestion charges.As of now, the boy is still in the juvenile justice system.A judge must grant a waiver submitted by the state to transfer the case to superior court, according to the South Bend Tribune. That’s a move Ross’s family would like to see happen. WhatsApp Twitter Facebook WhatsApp Google+ By Jon Zimney – March 22, 2021 0 175 Twitter Previous articleReport: South Bend now tops for robberies in IndianaNext articleSouth Bend man on probation faces new sexual misconduct charges Jon ZimneyJon Zimney is the News and Programming Director for News/Talk 95.3 Michiana’s News Channel and host of the Fries With That podcast. Follow him on Twitter @jzimney.
Facebook Twitter (Photo supplied/Elkhart Truth) Crews worked the scene of a crash Tuesday at the intersection of CR 17 and US 20.Elkhart Police say a tractor-trailer hauling a load of steel overturned when that load shifted. It happened around 9 a.m. Tuesday morning.The driver of the truck suffered minor injuries in the crash.Clearing the scene was expected to take several hours. Facebook Google+ IndianaLocalNewsSouth Bend Market Pinterest WhatsApp Elkhart tractor-trailer hauling steel overturns, disrupts traffic Twitter Pinterest By Tommie Lee – April 6, 2021 0 249 Google+ WhatsApp Previous articleSt. Joseph County VA Center offering walk-in vaccines to vets, familiesNext articleNew casino opening in Gary Tommie Lee
Press release: Inspirational young Sri Lankans presented international award by HRH The Earl of Wessex
The Awards were presented at the Gold Award Ceremony held at Temple Trees, Colombo on 4 February 2018, by HRH The Earl of Wessex; Chair of the Award’s international organisation, The Duke of Edinburgh’s International Award Foundation.Tissa Samarasinghe, National Director of the Award in Sri Lanka says: The Duke of Edinburgh’s International Award is a global, non-formal education framework which challenges young people to discover their potential and celebrate their achievements. It operates in more than 130 countries and territories around the world, helping to inspire over 1.3 million young people every year. HRH The Earl of Wessex says: It has been a great honour to meet such inspiring young people, hear about their Award journeys and celebrate their achievements. Achieving your Gold Award is not an easy task – it requires commitment, tests your resilience and challenges you to step outside your comfort zone. But it also opens up many opportunities for young people and enables them to be their own agents of change, both for themselves and their communities. The Duke of Edinburgh’s International Award has significantly contributed towards developing and empowering young people in Sri Lanka; helping them to challenge themselves, experience life and find their purpose, passion and place in the world. The Gold Award challenges participants over 18 months and more, in five areas – physical activity, skill development, service to community and by taking them outside of their comfort zone, through an adventurous journey and residential project.
What’s Past is Prologue: Global Navies and Security, Order and ProsperityAs some of you will have heard a few weeks ago at the RUSI maritime conference, the Secretary of State for Defence spoke of his vision for the Royal Navy, delivered through the vehicle of the Sir Henry Leach memorial lecture, the first of those in a series; I was grateful to him for coming to do that. He reflected on how today’s Royal Navy would be viewed by that great post war advocate for the value of sea power, Sir Henry Leach.Of course, he held the office of First Sea Lord during the Falkland’s conflict, that formative experience of my own naval career. Sir Henry’s understanding of navies and what they mean to an island nation like the UK was forged during his time as a Junior Officer in the World War II.But as many of you will know, at that stage it wasn’t Sir Henry who was making the headlines. It was his father, Captain John Leach, Captain of the battleship Prince of Wales, a King George V Class battleship. It had a short but very busy life, lost eventually in December 1941 off the coast of Malaya but with great significance earlier that year she had sailed across with Prime Minister Churchill to Placentia Bay, Newfoundland, in August 1941 to provide the venue for an historic meeting between Prime Minister Churchill and President Roosevelt, at which they set the scene for that pivotal policy statement that emerged from that meeting, the Atlantic Charter.In those darkest of times at the height of the World War II, our shared ideology of Anglo American internationalism shone through, a clear expression of intent that Britain and America had to cooperate for the cause of international peace and security.In the 77 years since that statement was issued, I would contend that the world has changed significantly, perhaps in some ways beyond all recognition.Because today, as you heard from CNO, we live in an interconnected world where information is increasingly seen as the vital resource. Where we face an increasingly diverse range of potential adversaries, all of them emboldened by weapons proliferation. Where the resultant threats abound from space to sea bed.It might seem rather alien to Captain John Leach on the bridge of Prince of Wales in 1941, or even to his son, Sir Henry on the bridge of the Royal Navy in 1982.Yet there are also constants that I think would have been entirely familiar to both of them.Crucially the importance of the maritime domain, the challenges of strategic great power competition, and the commitment of Great Britain and the United States to uphold international law and freedom of access to the global commons of the sea. All of those are common threads, as applicable in 2018 as they were in 1941.So I’m indebted to Admiral Richardson for his very clear articulation of why the maritime matters in the 21st century, the brilliant slides he used to illustrate that, and why there is a collective security challenge that we face in that maritime domain. You won’t be surprised to hear I absolutely share that view. Indeed you could take that map of the world that he showed, and his Navy is of course deployed very extensively around it at scale to very significant effect. But so is the Royal Navy, of course to less scale but I hope also to significant effect. We’ve been operating in every ocean in the world and share the US Navy’s operational focus about the importance of presence. The importance of influence.I was going to highlight just one area where we are linked, perhaps more than anywhere else, and it’s seen renewed efforts by both our Navies alongside our partners to counter the proliferation of threats; that’s in the North Atlantic. You only need look at the hugely significant symbolism of the United States Navy re-establishing the 2nd Fleet and the very fact that the Royal Navy’s high readiness response units in the North Atlantic are called upon ever more frequently.It will be a major area of shared capability development as we look to how we will operate in that theatre going forward; equally importantly, the very high levels of operational activity now are shaping the thinking of both our Navies.But our responsibilities, our shared responsibilities, are not of course confined to the North Atlantic. This year the Royal Navy has been out and about, perhaps at greater extent than for over 10 years. Operating, as I said, in every ocean of the world, trying to address the strategic challenges of today as seen from the United Kingdom, and part of a collective effort with all of our allies to maintain freedom and security on the high seas. And to enable that growth of global economic prosperity upon which our nation depends. And to uphold the international norms which we are the two principal nations and navies charged with defending.There is of course nothing new in that. Historians and those who study the Royal Navy over a long period will know we’ve been at this for half a millennium, in some ways in an unchanged way. It’s all about national interest, it’s about exerting national influence, it’s about supporting partners and it’s about promoting our country’s prosperity; nothing changes in that space.But to meet the breadth and depth of the security challenges we face today, and to have a sense of being able to deal with them going forward, we’re going to need a Navy that can bring a full spectrum of world-beating maritime capabilities to bear, alongside our partners, to deter and if necessary to defeat would-be aggressors who would challenge our nation. And we need to be able to do that on the waves, above and below them. We need to be able to do it from the sea to the land and we need to be able to do it in space and cyberspace. It’s quite a challenge to be able to do all of that at the same time.And that’s exactly how the Royal Navy is adapting, transforming and modernising. And the current Modernising Defence Programme that’s running at the heart of Whitehall is enabling us to do that; the Navy is leaning powerfully into it as a great opportunity for us to realise that vision.The arrival of our new aircraft carriers, Queen Elizabeth and Prince of Wales, along with their F35B lightning aircraft that will fly from them, means that we too will soon be able to take our place alongside the US Navy and French Navy delivering continuous carrier strike capability as part of a globally deployed maritime task group. That’s a very significant statement for the UK as a nation, not the Royal Navy as a navy, to make.If you combine this with the fact that we have been delivering continuous at sea deterrence, unbroken for 49 years, and then you add into that our expertise in the littoral based upon the specialist capabilities vested in our Royal Marines and the very strong link they have with the US Marine Corps, and then you underpin all of that with a sustained piece of recapitalisation which we are undergoing across the whole fleet, across all our fighting arms, and the innovation we are reaching into along with our partners in the US Navy to embrace some of the new and emerging technologies that are racing into the maritime space, I think we can be confident that we’ve got a Royal Navy that is still very much at the vanguard of world Navies, fielding a potent suite of capabilities that few outside the United States can match.But as much as the Royal Navy has to be able to do all of that, to retain the sovereign capability to act on its own when it needs to, even the most cursory analysis of our history as a nation will show that we are always better off when we work in partnerships.NATO is of course the most obvious example of that, and I’m delighted to see that [Vice Admiral] Clive Johnstone [RN] is here today, to embody the maritime leadership within NATO that he provides on our behalf. That alliance has for so long been the cornerstone of both our national defence and that of all our allies who are a part of NATO.And you only need look at the work of other key alliances too, like the Combined Maritime Force coalition in the Middle East, led by the United States with the Royal Navy as deputy, to see how that has contributed to regional security in a way that has enhanced collaboration with regional and international partners in a part of the world that is absolutely vital to the country’s economic and energy interests, but perhaps more unstable than it’s been for a long time.Like the US, Britain has partners both old and new right around the globe.Closer to home in Europe, our bi-lateral agreement with France, articulated initially at the Lancaster House agreement in 2010 and re-affirmed at the Sandhurst conference in January this year has seen us form a Combined Joint Expeditionary Force with the French. And we showcased that with exercises off the Brittany coast only last month, which I attended. It’s a very credible and capable force, fully integrated with Royal Navy and Marine Nationale Units. So too do some of the older but well established, credible links that we have with the likes of the Royal Netherlands Navy promote excellence in our combined amphibious warfare capabilities.In the same vein, we are looking to establish those partnerships further afield. You’ve heard CNO talk about the significance of our new tri-lateral arrangements between our two navies and the Japanese Maritime Self Defence Force. That’s not a meaningless piece of showmanship, where geography makes it impossible to do something real. It’s credible, it has significant workstreams that are driving forward, and we’ll be meeting again in Japan towards the end of the year to cement our plans.But with all of these alliances, be they bi-lateral, tri-lateral or larger, multilateral ones, I think they point to what must be in place and that’s interoperability. Not just interoperability based on equipment, the ability for our comms systems to talk to each other, but also interoperability based on a clear understanding of how each other works, how each other thinks, and how each other fights.Understanding each other’s capabilities, their limitations as well as what they can do. Understanding each other’s tactics and procedures and how to best fold them into each other. Understanding the nuances around how we each interpret rules of engagement, how we employ doctrine. All of this is essential if we’re going to have a chance of delivering together from Day 1.UK/US RelationshipAnd yet as much as all of these alliances and partnerships are highly valued by the UK, I will eventually boil down to complete agreement with Admiral Richardson that the key one is our link as a Navy to the United States Navy. There is something unique about that, something unique about the strategic nature of our partnership that goes back a long way.Many of our Admirals and senior Civil Servants are over in Washington this week commemorating the 60th anniversary of the MDA, a hugely significant moment in the way we work together in the nuclear and submarine field.The UK is the only tier 1 partner in the F35 programme and from the earliest days of this programme, Royal Air Force and Fleet Air Arm pilots, ground crew and engineers have been working side by side with their US Navy and US Marine Corps colleagues to ensure that, as much as our new aircraft carriers will sit at the heart of the UK’s Joint expeditionary force, so too will they be ready to work with our American counterparts from the off. And you’ll see us doing that in 2021 when we first deploy that carrier operationally.And as we look at the increasingly challenging underwater battlespace that I alluded to earlier, Britain and the US will be working very closely together to develop some of the world’s most advanced under-sea technology, including of course collaboration with the deterrent submarine programme.It couldn’t be a closer link.I will wrap this up now and I know we collectively look forward to hearing your questions. But I just leave you with this thought. Our Defence Secretary called upon the Royal Navy to lead from the front, to exploit our unique ability to exert not just soft power across the globe as we’re doing at the moment but also to be able to back it up with tangible hard power.That’s a call that is a challenging one to achieve; for the service to do both, credibly, at the same time. It takes a lot of application and effort. But it’s a challenge I readily accept, because that enables the Royal Navy to power on, to get the fleet it needs to fulfil its commitments and meet the broad range of challenges we face both at home and around the world.And as we look to fulfil our centuries-old role on behalf of our nation, we do so safe in the knowledge that wherever we are in the world, we can find partners and allies to work with. And we will find no partner more valuable, more credible, more trusted, than the United States Navy. And I’m honoured to think that they regard us also as the partner of choice.Thank you.
Brad Tooze, Natural England Area Manager for Northumbria: Extending marine protection areas allows for much loved seabirds to feed and breed in a safe haven, ensuring they can thrive for generations to come in a safe and secure habitat. Our consultation on extending the Special Protection Area at Teesmouth will help to protect populations of breeding little terns and common terns. Natural England has worked closely with our partners on the Tees to develop these proposals and we welcome views from the local community and stakeholders. England’s largest seabird colony will soon benefit from stronger protection as Environment Minister Thérèse Coffey confirms the Flamborough Head and Filey Coast Special Protection Area (SPA) will be extended by over 7,600 hectares.This protected area of Yorkshire coastline already provides a safe haven for breeding seabirds including gannets, razorbills and the iconic puffin. Now, a quarter of a million breeding seabirds – including almost 2,000 puffins – will be better protected and given a safe space for feeding and foraging.The announcement comes during National Marine Week, which celebrates the UK’s rich marine life and habitats, and ongoing efforts to protect these for future generations.Natural England has also launched a consultation to extend the nearby Teesmouth and Cleveland Coast SPA by nearly 10,000 hectares, which if designated, will help protect populations of breeding little terns and common terns.Environment Minister Thérèse Coffey said: Special Protection Areas are sites designated to protect populations of rare and vulnerable seabirds from human activity – including fishing or outdoor recreation – while minimising disturbance to birds’ open water feeding areas. There are already 45 such sites designated in English waters.They are just one type of the many Marine Protected Areas in place around the UK to conserve rare, threatened and nationally important habitats and species for future generations. 35 per cent of English waters are part of the Marine Protected Areas network, covering over 200,000 square kilometres.As part of the Government’s commitment to becoming a world-leader in marine protection, a consultation on designating 41 new Marine Conservation Zones recently closed, receiving an overwhelming 44,000 responses.The proposed sites will cover an area almost eight times the size of Greater London and help protect species like the short snouted seahorse, stalked jellyfish and peacock’s tail seaweed. If designated, they will mark the most significant expansion of the UK’s ‘Blue Belt’ of protected areas to date.The Government’s commitment to marine protection forms a key part of our 25 Year Environment Plan, an ambitious roadmap for a greener future.Alongside expanding the Blue Belt, one of the world’s strongest bans on microbeads was introduced last month to protect our oceans and nine billion fewer bags have been distributed thanks to the Government’s 5p plastic bag charge.In a further drive to clean up our seas, the Government has also set out ambitious plans to end the sale of plastic straws, stirrers and cotton buds and introduce a deposit return scheme, subject to consultation later this year. We are a world-leader in protecting our marine environment, with a third of our waters already protected as part of our Blue Belt. National Marine Week is a fantastic opportunity for us all to celebrate the diverse range of habitats which make up the British coastline, and the role we all have to play in protecting these. These new safeguards for seabirds will help our most precious and iconic wildlife to thrive, and protect our marine environment for future generations to enjoy.
The first hackathon will focus on real-world incident response and take place on 26-27 November 2018.The second will be a defence logistics hackathon, taking place on 29-30 November 2018.For these events, we are looking to bring together the best from academia, industry and government in the defence and security arena.Brief details about the hackathons are as follows:Real-World Incident Response HackathonImproving the way we investigate incidents through the application of Multimedia Analysis and Artificial IntelligenceParticipants will be asked to process large amounts of real-world incident multimedia data and rapidly identify key information for on-site experts – people, places, events, in fact anything that may assist an investigations team. We’re interested in how entities relate to each other, the event timeline and narrative, and near-term predictions.Data will mostly take the form of video which will be varied in quality, source, and format. Some will be live-streamed during the event.This is a unique opportunity for participants to demonstrate their ability to extract useful information and insights from large multimedia data sources which would help teams to respond to incidents more quickly and effectively. We expect participants to exploit cutting-edge Artificial Intelligence techniques, including Machine Vision, to achieve the best results.At the end of the second day a final showcase will take place.Defence Logistics HackathonAccelerating Logistics Decision Support through exploiting Artificial Intelligence (AI) & Machine Learning (ML) capabilitiesThe intent of this hackathon is to demonstrate the ability to analyse and share structured and unstructured multi-source data maintaining its classification and permission based access rules at machine speed. Data sets from the C130J Hercules platform will be provided to enable the development and testing of potential sharing solutions. The longer-term aim will be the development of predictive maintenance tools, and provides evidence based recommendations to optimise inventory checks and extend the life of components.This event will require programmers and coders at the leading edge of current technology to develop an AI/ML capability that can be accessed, interrogated and translated to provide better informed and timely decision support across national and multinational domains.This event will provide a great opportunity to demonstrate your ability to solve current Defence Logistic challenges, as well as the opportunity to network with senior decision makers and end users within this area. Following the event you will be invited to submit a fully costed proposal which could lead to securing funding to further develop your product.Further details about these hackathons and how to register will be provided on the DASA website next week.
Speech: Intellectual Property Minister speaks of the importance of ensuring UK IP remains some of the best in the world
Firstly, as the technological revolution continues to unfold, we need to ensure we understand its impact on IP.So I’m pleased to announce that this summer we will host conference with the World Intellectual Property Organization, considering the implications of artificial intelligence – or AI – for IP.But we also need to help our IP systems to respond to the changes we see around usBoth so it can deal with the issues raised by technologies like block chain and AI, whilst supporting innovation.And so our Intellectual Property Office – or IPO – remains at the cutting edge.So, last year, for example, we announced research funding to look at how AI can modernise the process of filing Intellectual Property Rights.And we continue to talk to experts.I’ve personally visited our IPO offices in both London and Newport to meet with staff and listen to their plans for the future.And later this year I’ll organise roundtables with key IP stakeholders to understand your views on what we need to do to stay ahead – I hope I’ll see many of you there.BrexitBut for a nation like ours, with a long and proud history of trading with the world, IP will always be as much an international as a domestic matter.And of course, one of the complex international challenges the UK has faced in recent years is our withdrawal from the European Union.This has created a period of huge uncertainty. But, throughout, our priority has been to provide clarity. And to ensure a smooth and effective IP system, regardless of the outcome of the negotiations and parliamentary wrangling.So although we are focused on delivering the deal negotiated with the EU, we have prepared for all eventualities – including no deal.I’ve personally taken 4 Statutory Instruments through the Commons in the past few weeks – one of them just yesterday. These ensure we have a fully functioning IP statute book when the UK leaves the EU.So I am confident that we will continue to have one of the world’s best IP regimes, whatever the outcome. And that the transition will be a smooth one.International workAs a foundation of global trade, IP plays a crucial role as we leave the EU and forge new relations across the globe.So we are encouraging consistent and effective systems to help British firms do business internationallyParticularly, through our international attaché network, which operates around the world – from India to Brazil. Promoting respect for intellectual property. Encouraging cross-border collaboration. And helping UK businesses.Last year alone the network helped British businesses resolve issues worth almost one hundred million pounds. And now we are expanding the network, strengthening our international reach.We have a new post in North America. And we are increasing resources in China and South East Asia – helping UK firms to make the most of these expanding and lucrative markets.And I will be visiting China myself next month to discuss important IP issues with my Chinese counterparts, and others.ConclusionWhen I took over this job at the beginning of the year, I was aware that my predecessors had dubbed it the best in government. 8 weeks in, I have to agree.We live in exciting times. Times of technological revolution and global shifts.I am immensely proud of the IPO – the work they do, their ability to adapt, and their appetite to succeed in a complex and changing environment.And I am well aware that this work is enhanced by many of you here – our expert partners – sharing insights and ideas. I’m very grateful to you all and I want us to keep talking.Because while there are undoubtedly further challenges ahead, I am confident that, together, we will continue to provide one of the world’s best IP systems.Encouraging innovation and investment, attracting the best talent, and, ultimately, creating the economy our country needs.Thank you. It’s a pleasure to be here. M.I.P. is a valued resource across the world and it’s a privilege to speak at today’s conference.I’ve only been in post for 3 months. And I’m in a slightly unusual situation, in that I’m a Minister in 2 departments – the Business Department and the Department for Education.This means my poor staff are forced to endure something of a nomadic existence in Whitehall. It also means I have a diverse brief – ranging from technology, to universities and space exploration.Anyone in government – or anyone honest – will tell you that finding your way through a new Ministerial brief is a daunting task.But not long into the job I had a eureka moment: I realised that one element of my portfolio united all the others.That intellectual property is the nerve centre of my role; it links research to economic growth, it links the arts to the sciences. And it underpins everything we are trying to achieve across the economy as a whole.And that means this is an area we have to get right. Which is why I’m committed to protecting and strengthening our IP systemTo helping it adjust to the changes we see around usTo talking to experts like you to understand how we can stay aheadAnd, ultimately, to ensuring that UK IP remains some of the best in the world.The importance of IP It costs well over a billion pounds, on average, to bring a new drug to market. Hollywood films typically cost in excess of 60 million dollars to produce.What would be the motivation, let alone the justification, if the fruits of your labours weren’t your own?This simple principle demonstrates why IP is central to our plans for the economy.Last year we published our industrial strategy. A key aim of which is to encourage innovation across the economy.We’re increasing R&D spend to 2.4% of GDP. And we’re encouraging the commercialisation of research in our fantastic universities.This simply wouldn’t be achievable without a strong IP system.Last week I met representatives from Stanford and MIT. Both extraordinary centres of innovation. So much so that venture capitalists are buying-up properties adjacent to campus to ensure their staff are close to the action.It was clear in that meeting that IP protection is vital if those universities are to retain the talent they need to thrive.I was recently privileged enough to visit the British Library IP archives and see the original patent of the spinning Jenny – one of the sparks of the industrial revolution.It was an apt reminder that IP underpinned the economic changes of the past. Just as it will today.If we are to keep the best minds working in Britain. If we are to attract inward investment. And if we are to build the world’s most innovative economy, a strong IP system is key.The UK IP FrameworkFortunately, the UK has a deserved reputation as a great place to develop and protect IP.Just last month the US Chamber of Commerce Global IP Centre ranked our IP framework second out of 50 jurisdictions, beaten only by the USA. And we’re ranked first in the world for patents by the Taylor Wessing Global IP Index.But to maintain this position we need to be able to adapt and respond to the changes we see around us.Before I was a politician, I was an historian.And what history shows us is that intellectual property evolves, shaped by changes in, politics, technology and markets.In the seventeenth century as Parliament and the monarchy tussled for power, control of patents was transferred from the King to the courts.2 centuries later, we saw the first major international IP agreements, in response to the expansion of communication technologies and the explosion of global trade.Today, once again, we’re in the midst of significant technological and political change. And IP must adapt.Innovation, technology and IP