The Daily Gazette Sign up for daily emails to get the latest Harvard news. Applications for admission to Harvard College’s Class of 2024 totaled 40,246, the third time in Harvard’s history that applications have exceeded 40,000. Last year, 43,330 students applied for the Class of 2023.“We continue to be excited by the extraordinary students from across the nation and around the world who apply to Harvard College,” said William R. Fitzsimmons, dean of admissions and financial aid.There are slightly more women (50.2 percent) than men in the applicant pool this year.Biological sciences (23.6 percent) and social sciences (22 percent) remain the top interests of Harvard applicants. There was a slight increase in the share of students expressing interest in Computer Science (11.2 percent versus 10.7) and the physical sciences (7.2 percent versus 6.8). A similar share of students expressed an interest in the humanities (11.6 percent), engineering (13 percent), and math (5.8). Among applicants this year, 25.2 percent identify as Asian American, 12.6 identify as Latinx, and 11.2 identify as African American and 2.1 as Native American or Native Hawaiian.The economic diversity of the applicant pool was similar to last year. Almost 30 percent of applicants requested a fee waiver, and more than 20 percent indicated they are the first generation of their families to attend college.Today, Harvard announced it will expand its financial aid program again by eliminating the summer work expectation for students beginning in the 2020-21 academic year from all financial aid awards. Students will still be expected to contribute $3,500 through term-time work to meet their estimated personal expenses.The Faculty of Arts and Sciences (FAS) is investing an estimated $2 million to fund the program expansion. The goal of this change is to provide aided students with more flexibility to pursue academic, public service, or internship opportunities during the summer.“This initiative is part of a broader effort to ensure that students can engage fully, explore bravely, make authentic choices, and realize their full potential as members of the Harvard community,” said Claudine Gay, Edgerley Family Dean of the FAS.Maria Dominguez Gray, Class of 1955 Executive Director of Phillips Brooks House Association, said the additional aid will be especially impactful for students with the highest need, many of whom often have to choose more lucrative summer internships over public service.“We were fortunate to receive funding from the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative three years ago to forgive summer earnings for many students on financial aid, and while such grants have tremendous value to broadening participation in summer service programs, demand soon exceeded the existing funding. This aid expands options for students who may work in the Summer Urban Program in Boston or Cambridge, area homeless shelters, or as Mindich Service Fellows,” she said.“Harvard continues to be a leader in reducing both real and perceived financial barriers for students and families,” said Jake Kaufmann, Griffin Director of Financial Aid. “This enhancement to our program will simplify financial aid awards, making them easier to understand.”For more than 15 years, Harvard has consistently expanded its undergraduate financial aid program to attract and enroll the most-promising students from all socioeconomic backgrounds. Since launching the Harvard Financial Aid Initiative in 2005, Harvard has awarded more than $2 billion in grant aid to undergraduates. Harvard’s undergraduate financial aid award budget has increased more than 148 percent, from $80 million in 2005 to more than $200 million in 2019. Last year, 1,115 (16.6 percent) students qualified for a Pell grant, an increase since 2008 when 695 (10.6 percent) of undergraduates received the grant.Harvard costs the same or less than most public universities for 90 percent of American families. More than half of Harvard students receive need-based financial aid, and the average grant is $53,000. No loans are required. Families with incomes up to $150,000 and typical assets pay 10 percent or less of their annual incomes. Families with higher incomes receive need-based aid depending on individual circumstances. Harvard’s net-price calculator makes it easy for families to get a sense of the College’s affordability. For students not receiving need-based aid, the total cost of attendance (including tuition, room, board, and fees) is scheduled to increase by 4 percent to $72,391 for the 2020–2021 academic year.Applicants will be notified of the admissions committee’s decisions on March 26. Admitted students will be invited to Cambridge to attend Visitas, a special program designed to familiarize them with the opportunities at Harvard. This year Visitas will be held April 18-20, and students will have until the national reply date of May 1 to make their final college choices.
People have already lined up outside the Bank of Oklahoma (BOK) Center in Tulsa, Okla., where President Donald Trump plans to hold a rally on Saturday. The arena holds nearly 20,000 people and a nearby convention center has been reserved for overflow. Also nearby: the Greenwood District, where in 1921 a white mob numbering in the thousands destroyed an affluent Black community known as Black Wall Street.Trump’s rally comes at the moment a sudden civil rights movement has surged across the U.S. following the killing of George Floyd while in Minneapolis police custody. Amid a national swirl of racial reckoning — and the coronavirus pandemic — the rally is a go in a city still grappling with its past.Trump moved the day of the rally from Friday to Saturday after he learned about Juneteenth, a yearly commemoration held on June 19 to observe and celebrate the end of slavery in the U.S. Numerous prominent Black leaders had called on Trump to move the date, and Gov. Kevin Stitt has recommended that Trump avoid Greenwood.Academics describe Greenwood in 1921 as an affluent Black community of more than 10,000 residents where leaders nurtured entrepreneurship and innovation. White Tulsans deeply resented the success of their Black neighbors. On May 31, a spark set off that kindling. News reports published that day claimed a Black man, Dick Rowland, had assaulted a white woman, Sarah Page, in an elevator the day prior.Further research suggests otherwise.“It is commonly understood today that Rowland simply slipped and inadvertently grabbed Page’s hand, prompting her to scream,” write the authors of “The Destruction of Black Wall Street: Tulsa’s 1921 Riot and the Eradication of Accumulated Wealth,” published October 2018 in The American Journal of Economics and Sociology, one of the papers highlighted below.After the elevator, white Tulsa erupted. The evening of May 31, a mob of hundreds of white Tulsans gathered at the courthouse where Rowland was being held, according to a 2001 report the Oklahoma government commissioned in part to detail the facts of the riot. Three white men from the mob went into the courthouse and demanded that officials hand over Rowland, but authorities refused, according to the report.Rebuffed, white Tulsa invaded Black Tulsa, looting, dropping bombs from planes, and committing arson and murder over the next 12 hours. The white mob swelled into the thousands. One witness said he saw Tulsa police officers burning down Black homes. Some ten thousand Black Tulsans lost their shelter and livelihoods, and hundreds lost their lives by the time martial law was finally declared the morning of June 1.“With estimates of from 150 to 300 dead, it was at best shameful, at worse, a massacre,” writes then-Oklahoma State Sen. Maxine Horner in the state report. Indeed, news outlets today often refer to the Tulsa race riot as a massacre. The Tulsa Historical Society and Museum calls it the 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre.,Losses were devastating for Greenwood, but there’s little peer-reviewed academic research on the specific economic consequences of the massacre. The three articles featured below are among the few that attempt to analyze some of the economic fallout. They estimate direct property damage from the massacre north of $200 million in today’s dollars; they associate the massacre with stifling Black innovation; and they show that challenges persist when it comes to reconciling the past with the economic imperatives of today.The Destruction of Black Wall Street: Tulsa’s 1921 Riot and the Eradication of Accumulated WealthChris Messer, Thomas Shriver and Alison Adams. The American Journal of Economics and Sociology, October 2018.The economic devastation in Greenwood was essentially total and the neighborhood never recovered its status as America’s Black Wall Street, according to Chris Messer, Thomas Shriver, and Alison Adams.Messer is an associate psychology professor at Colorado State University-Pueblo. Shriver is a sociology professor at North Carolina State University. Adams is an assistant professor of community and environmental sociology at the University of Florida. They reconstruct the story of financial loss for Black entrepreneurs and families in Greenwood through archival documents, U.S. Census Bureau data, oral narratives from residents and contemporaneous news coverage.Many Greenwood residents kept cash in their homes, in part because they didn’t trust white-owned banks, according to the authors. White mobs stole money and valuables from Black households. The mobs destroyed more than 1,200 homes across 35 city blocks, and another 314 homes were looted. Some Black families from Greenwood became American refugees in America, living in Red Cross tents. Police and National Guard units imprisoned other Black residents. Others fled Tulsa. In a matter of hours, white looters had eradicated Black wealth in Greenwood.“From a 10-room and basement modern brick home, I am now living in what was my coal barn,” recalled resident C.L. Netherland, according to a contemporaneous testimonial relayed in the paper. “From a five-chair white enamel barber shop, four baths, electric clippers, electric fan, two lavatories and shampoo stands, four workmen, double marble shine stand, a porter and income of over $500 or $600 per month, to a razor, strop and folding chair on the sidewalk.”The authors estimate white rioters decimated more than $200 million of Black property in today’s dollars. Courts decided the city of Tulsa was not financially liable for what the mob had done, according to the authors. Insurance companies got around claims through clauses that released them from damage payouts due to riots. The U.S. Supreme Court in 2005 decided not to hear a case seeking reparations for survivors and descendants of the Tulsa massacre, after lower courts ruled the statute of limitations had expired.“The failure to provide reparations did not simply affect the direct victims of collective white violence,” the authors write. “It was a part of a larger pattern that deprived later generations of African Americans of household assets and conveyed an implicit message that white violence would be either condoned or tolerated. That is the legacy that now demands a response.”Violence and Economic Activity: Evidence from African American Patents, 1870–1940Lisa Cook. Journal of Economic Growth, May 2014.Black inventors obtained some 726 patents from 1870 to 1940. But lynchings and other race-based violence suppressed another 1,100 patents from Black inventors during that period, finds Michigan State University economist Lisa Cook.Cook tallied 38 riots, including the 1921 Tulsa massacre, that led to major loss of life and property. Most of the time, but not always, rioters were white people targeting Black people and their property. There were many small riots, but those incidents weren’t well documented at the time the paper was published. Major riots happened mostly in the South before 1900 and in the North after 1900, Cook finds.“The effects of violence on Black economic activity would have been both direct — for example, Black inventors’ workshops were located in the affected business districts — and indirect — for example, riots lower the value of commercial and residential property, which would reduce financing opportunities and increase operating costs,” Cook writes.She also tallied 290 state laws that promoted segregation and decreased access to patenting institutions and networks of all-white patent attorneys, as well as 2,787 lynchings of Black victims and 290 lynchings of white victims during the period studied.“In addition to killing the victim, often a secondary objective was the externality a lynching produced — to intimidate the victim’s family, community, or ethnic or racial group,” Cook writes. “A lynching signaled that personal security — and with it the freedom to work and innovate — was not guaranteed.”Patent records don’t capture inventors’ race. To fill the gaps, Cook used historical directories of Black doctors, scientists and engineers — professionals likely to be inventors — combined with U.S. Census Bureau data and U.S. Patent Office survey data. Cook documents a variety of innovations across industries by Black inventors. Judy W. Reed patented a dough kneader and roller in 1884. Alexander Miles was granted a patent for automatic elevator doors in 1887. Oscar Robert Cassell patented a flying machine in 1914. Richard E.S. Toomey got a patent in 1930 for an appliance to prevent ice on airplanes.Before 1900, Cook finds patenting rates were lower for Black inventors than white inventors, but followed similar patterns — increasing during economic booms, decreasing during downturns. The patent rate for Black inventors drops precipitously and mostly flattens post-1900 — four years after the Supreme Court’s Plessy v. Ferguson decision legalized racial segregation. The gap between white and Black patenting rates was widest in years when racial violence was particularly high, like 1889 and 1909.Another watershed: 1921.“According to the historical literature, before 1921 potential victims implicitly believed that, if implored, the federal government would act,” Cook writes. “The response to the Tulsa riot was considered a major policy shift in favor of nonintervention by federal and state governments. Accounts of the Tulsa riot suggest that many at the time believed that government failed at all levels, that this was a turning point in federal policy and national practice related to property-rights protection, and that the country was likely headed toward racial warfare.”After 1921, a 1 percent increase in lynchings per capita is associated with nearly the same percentage decrease in the rate of Black patent activity, Cook finds, while major riots are associated with 14 percent lower rates of Black patents. She finds no correlation between the 1921 federal policy shift and white patenting rates.Was Tulsa’s Brady Street Really Renamed? Racial (In)justice, Memory-work and the Neoliberal Politics of PracticalityJordan Brasher, Derek Alderman, and Aswin Subanthore. Social & Cultural Geography, November 2018.In 2013, Tulsa renamed Brady Street in its downtown arts district to M.B. Brady Street. The street had been named for Wyatt Tate Brady, a onetime Ku Klux Klan leader and city founder linked to stoking racial animosity that precipitated the 1921 massacre and who guarded his namesake hotel during the riots. Mathew Brady was a renowned Civil War photographer without ties to Tulsa. The city also gave the street an honorary name — Reconciliation Way.City officials framed the subtle name change as a compromise between activists and business owners, according to Jordan Brasher, Derek Alderman and Aswin Subanthore. Brasher is an assistant professor of geography at Columbus State University. Alderman is a professor of geography at the University of Tennessee-Knoxville. Subanthore was a lecturer at The George Washington University but has left academia.The name change compromise represents “a political technology used to justify sanitizing controversial histories and prioritizing capital accumulation over social justice,” the authors write. In other words, the compromise was meant to avoid disrupting the flow of business on the street, not to confront Tulsa’s past, according to the authors. The sentiment is echoed in a 2012 city plan for the arts district the authors cite:“Today, there is a faction of Tulsans who take issue with some of the associations and choices that Tate Brady was involved with, but there is no denying that he was a huge supporter of Tulsa and played a very big part in its early development.”As of July 1, 2019, the street was officially renamed Reconciliation Way, losing Brady altogether. But the yearslong debate among officials and residents over the name of a single street in a single American city reveals how a single, explosive event a century ago can leave lasting cultural and economic scars.“Recovering, taking responsibility for, and healing the wounds of painful, racialized historical legacies has proven to be difficult and contested memory-work in the U.S. and other nations, especially in the face of resurging white nationalism and supremacy,” the authors write.Read more about history’s imprint with stories on research linking higher taxes to violence against Black politicians during Reconstruction, and how 1930s housing practices eroded Black wealth.
GAZETTE: What do you think New York will be like for artists after the pandemic ends?ANDERSON: My fear is that the large institutions will survive, but the things that really make New York happen on a basic level maybe won’t. I’m talking about smaller clubs and venues, and smaller art centers that are really struggling now, where young artists get to try stuff out. Those are beyond crucial to an art city like New York. You [need] to have a lot of places where you’re not going to be presenting your big masterpiece, [but where] you can work with other artists and musicians in your audience. Those are really important places that are getting hit very hard. I don’t mean to be some old fart going on about the old days, but they were pretty great. I love seeing the things that remind me of that kind of freedom, and artists don’t have that right now. That part is tough.GAZETTE: Your work has always incorporated technology. Do you feel differently about using technology when we’re all forced to do everything online?ANDERSON: I’m just a geek, so I enjoy playing around [online]. I don’t feel that [the pandemic] makes [those] things more difficult or easier. It’s better than nothing, but then I think there is, for me, just nothing like live music and being with people in the same room. I always use a lot of technology in shows and even in lectures. I’m going to try to set up [the Norton lectures] so that there are a few faces that I can see in in the Zoom world, because I find that valuable rather than just talking to the screen.GAZETTE: What is your research and planning process like for a new work?ANDERSON: I start with a blackboard, and I fill it with images, thoughts, ideas. I sometimes see pictures — sometimes just a phrase — and see if any of them are connected, and [ask]: Is there any kind of theme in these really disparate things that I find interesting? What’s the engine that could push them? So it starts out as very free-form.GAZETTE: You’ve done a lot of collaboration in recent years. What do you like about working with other people and what does the process teach you about your own work?ANDERSON: I’m pretty much a loner, so it’s a big stretch for me to call someone and say, “Would you consider doing this?” The times that I’ve been able to bring myself to do that, I’ve learned so much. In the pre-pandemic year, I was much more involved in improv. I was at a festival in New Zealand in March, and [musician and composer] John Zorn was the first person who asked me to an improv show. At that time, I was doing things that were very, very set. Every single sentence was set; every image was set. I really had to force myself to try [improv], and it’s my favorite way of making music now.Over the last year I’ve been doing a music trio with [jazz bassist] Christian McBride and [cellist] Rubin Kodheli. I realized that I missed it so much, this free-form thing that’s not really happening now. Yesterday we recorded something, with our masks on and everything. It was hard, but the second we started to play … it was just what I live for, to make something out of nothing. It always reminds me of building a big ship that you’re constructing together. It’s a big thrill.Interview was edited for clarity and length. Avant-garde performer and recipient of this year’s Charles Eliot Norton Professorship in Poetry Laurie Anderson was undaunted by the task of designing her six Norton Lectures for a virtual audience.Anderson, who has produced film, music, multimedia, virtual reality installations, and photography, has utilized technology in her work for decades. Her first album, “Big Science,” included the surprise 1981 hit single, “O Superman,” which used distortion and vocal manipulation in ways that had not been heard before in pop music. Her recent work includes “Heart of a Dog,” a 2015 documentary film and soundtrack about the life of her beloved pet, Lolabelle, and a trilogy of virtual reality experiences developed with Taiwanese artist Hsin-Chien Huang that concluded with “To the Moon” in 2018. The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden in Washington, D.C., is planning an exhibition of her old and new work in sound, video, and painting.The first Norton lecture, “The River,” will be given Wednesday and kicks off the yearlong series “Spending the War Without You: Virtual Backgrounds,” which will continue into the fall semester. The first three lectures will take place in spring over Zoom and are hosted by the Mahindra Humanities Center. Anderson spoke to the Gazette about her creative process, collaborating with other performers, and the transformation of New York City during the pandemic.Q&ALaurie AndersonGAZETTE: Can you tell us a bit about your plans for the Norton Lectures?ANDERSON: The first one will be based on ideas about listening and also about what it’s like to live by the Hudson River. The river has really influenced me in ways that I didn’t understand [before]. I wanted to move to New York as a child to be near water. Coming from a landlocked part of the country [near Chicago], it was big draw for me to be in a port city. I had a book about the New York harbor, and it looked so lovely and amazing, and I wanted to go there. So [the lecture] is looking back at being here for so many years. I did look back a little bit [at my work] and one of the things that I noticed was that I was always starting each performance with something about living by the Hudson River. So the first lecture will be able how that’s affected how I think about music and how I make music.It wasn’t going to be this way originally, but now I’m going to try to run the lectures a little bit like a show, so that I can access visuals and electronic filters and manipulate voices. There are some things that I’m going to try out [during the lectures] that I would not be able to do in a live situation, ever.GAZETTE: What has it been like to be in New York during this time?ANDERSON: It is such a difficult and tragic time for so many people, and I know it’s been disastrous for many businesses. But I wasn’t loving what was going on pre-pandemic in New York. It had become a big tourist town, and culture was aimed at tourists. I felt like I was getting caught in a big machine. It had become, as many people say, not the art world but the art market at every level. With the tourists gone, I think every city is experiencing the pleasure of seeing who actually lives there. So I feel kind of happy about that. “I’m going to try to set up [the Norton lectures] so that there are a few faces that I can see in in the Zoom world, because I find that valuable rather than just talking to the screen.”
The volume was rising in the room. We sat in pairs facing each other and spoke about our careers and aspirations, our interests and our challenges. Twenty minutes later, the bell rang. Everyone switched partners and began the next conversation. The process repeated once more, until over 150 conversations had taken place. It was another successful session of “Speed Coaching.”The time I spent coaching confirmed the importance of championing diversity and inclusion at EMC. What if we were able to draw out all 50,000 of our employees in the way that we did during this hour? What if we were able to realize the full power of their stories, their passions, and their expertise? As a global company and community, we would know so much more about how to keep EMC innovative, creative, inclusive and competitive. But how do we achieve this at hundreds of locations around the world?As a technology leader, EMC builds lasting customer relationships through the power of our portfolio – the combination of products, solutions and services that are unique to us. Our investments in diversity and inclusion offer the same opportunity to create lasting value. Throughout the world, our efforts are being recognized. We recently received a Disability Matters award for our work with disabled employees in India. We maintained our perfect score from the Human Rights Campaign for offering a positive working environment for our Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender employees. We were honored by the government of Spain for our efforts in gender equality. We were named as one of the best companies for veterans, and for the first time we were listed as one of 25 Noteworthy Companies by DiversityInc.We are proud of all of these accomplishments, and they inspire us to continue the work that is still ahead. We realize that our efforts need to extend beyond our company and into the communities where we live and work. Our ongoing commitment to supporting STEM education is helping build confidence and skills for future generations. You will find EMC colleagues volunteering their time for “An Hour of Code” instruction at local schools in Boston and bringing students into EMC labs in Ireland to prepare for robotics competitions. In addition to the practical knowledge they are sharing, our employee volunteers serve as role models for developing careers and giving back.We express our support for gender equality in many ways. Chapters of our Women’s Leadership Forum reach around the world, and EMC was proud to serve as host or lead sponsor at recent regional conferences for women in Boston, Silicon Valley, London and Beijing. As a presenter, I remember looking out at the hundreds of women in the audience and thinking how much power and potential were present. As we prepared for a day of listening to highly accomplished and committed leaders in a variety of industries, I asked everyone to be sure to find themselves in the stories they heard. The differences in our stories are the diversity that makes us stronger, and by considering our own stories through the examples of others, inspiration becomes action.We recently invited all of our employees around the globe to access the online resources of DiversityInc, to learn more about the ways we can be more inclusive as we work together. Our greatest success will come when everyone at EMC is comfortable bringing their full selves to work every day knowing that every idea, every perspective, is valued. We are committed to the journey, and to all that we will learn along the way.
Technology can help educators transform traditional classrooms into flexible environments that enable 21st century learning anywhere, anytime. Dell EMC, the infrastructure solutions business of Dell Technologies, partners with schools to enable them to reinvent teaching and learning in a way that embraces the digital age. Together, we design learning experiences that encourage interaction, collaboration and creativity among teachers and students alike.Dell offers a comprehensive portfolio of solutions designed to provide student access in the classroom, in the lab or at home. From Windows or Chrome OS-based laptops and 2-in-1s to projectors and displays, Dell is committed to providing the cutting-edge technology that encourages student exploration and expression of creative thought.New Dell Chromebook 5000 SeriesTo complement our comprehensive offerings of collaborative, mobile and data-driven solutions, we are thrilled to announce the new Dell Chromebook 5000 series . These Dell Chromebooks (5190) are available in 11-inch clamshell or 2-in-1 convertible form factors, and deliver improved performance, more than 13 hours of battery life, the ultimate in durability for students and advanced features tailor-made for the classroom environment.Dell is the only tier-one PC manufacturer that has fully ruggedized laptops, tablets and 2-in-1s in its portfolio. Learnings and design elements from the rigorous testing done on the Rugged portfolio find their way into the education products as well, including scratch-resistant displays, reinforced hinges, spill-resistant keyboards and chassis designed to survive drops.The Dell Chromebook 5000 series is built to withstand common accidents that may happen in the classroom or on the go with a new robust chassis design that survives 48-inch drop tests and 30-inch drop tests onto steel (the approximate height of a classroom desk on the harshest possible surface). Plus, Dell is the first Chromebook manufacturer with the ability to claim its devices can withstand 10,000 micro-drops. With 4-inch drops performed in multiple angles, Dell could replicate student device damage seen at two to four-year usage.Other new features exclusive to the Dell Chromebook 5000 series include World Facing Camera options for creating videos, EMR pen support for a natural pen-to-paper writing experience, USB Type-C connectivity for easy connections to external drives and other peripherals, and dual-core and quad-core Intel Celeron processors for faster performance. The Dell Chromebook 5190 devices will be available starting in February 2018 and pricing will start at $289.Dell at #BETT2018: Redefining the ClassroomThe announcement of the Dell Chromebook 5190 solutions comes as part of Dell EMC’s participation as an exhibitor at the BETT Show, taking place January 24-27 in London. To learn more about how Dell EMC is helping educators transform education, visit stand B320.Visit http://www.dell.com/en-us/work/learn/k-12-solutions to learn more about how Dell EMC can be a partner in helping how schools and institutions to embrace new learning environments, redefine classrooms and drive successful student outcomes.
Chances are, if you’ve ever rented an apartment, you’ve interfaced with RealPage. Rental real estate is a trillion-dollar-a-year market and this Dell EMC customer has the largest database of lease transactions in the country.RealPage specializes in helping property management firms handle everything from rentals and leasing to marketing and accounting on a variety of properties including apartments, single-family homes, vacation rentals and commercial real estate. In addition, some smaller real estate firms rely on RealPage for complete IT-as-a-service solutions. The company provides on-demand, cloud-based software and data analytics 24/7 to more than 12,000 clients in North America, Europe and Asia.When its previous servers couldn’t keep pace with client demands, RealPage turned to Dell EMC PowerEdge servers.“With our previous servers, we were struggling to add properties for one of our largest and best clients. The PowerEdge R940xa solved our scaling problem, enabling us to easily handle the growing workloads and continue to expand our relationship with them.”— Barry Carter, Chief Information Officer, RealPageBillions of reasons to refreshRealPage is one of the world’s largest software-as-a-service (SaaS) providers as well as one of the ten biggest users of Microsoft SQL—with more than 100,000 Microsoft SQL databases and 11 PB of storage. On peak days, the company processes over five billion transactions and produces two million reports for clients.Recently, RealPage decided to do a rapid server refresh using Dell EMC PowerEdge.“We chose Dell EMC PowerEdge servers not only for their speed and throughput, but also because various models are tailored for different workloads.”— Barry Carter, Chief Information Officer, RealPageFor its SQL databases in a VMware virtualized environment, the company chose PowerEdge R740 rack servers. For its other spiraling workloads, RealPage opted for the extreme scale and performance of PowerEdge R940xa servers.Workhorse substantially reduces SQL licensing costsMicrosoft SQL licensing is determined by the number of server cores used. With RealPage’s enormous deployment, these costs represent a major expense. The company’s new PowerEdge servers help it deliver on-demand software and analytics solutions much more cost effectively.“The PowerEdge R740 is the workhorse for our SQL Server environment—reducing our server needs by one third with significant license fee savings.”— Barry Carter, Chief Information Officer, RealPageDiving into a data lakeAnother project RealPage tackled recently was to begin building the nation’s largest shared data repository of lease transactions. This is used for operational and market forecasting, rental pricing and more.RealPage was initially told by numerous vendors that it wouldn’t be possible to dive into a data lake without using “bare metal” solutions. Then, the company talked to Dell EMC.“Dell EMC solved our data lake challenge with PowerEdge servers running in a VMware environment with Dell EMC Isilon network-attached storage,” remarks Carter. “This gave us the power and throughput we needed, while reducing physical storage by two-thirds. We also didn’t have to retrain our IT team to deal with bare metal.”Maintaining a mutually beneficial relationshipRealPage has partnered with Dell EMC throughout RealPage’s two decades in business. Over the years, Dell’s single-provider support has been essential.“With Dell, we get world-class support, so we can avoid the finger-pointing you get with competing vendors. This is a key to our relationship.”— Barry Carter, Chief Information Officer, RealPage Play VideoPlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration Time 1:47Loaded: 0%Progress: 0%Stream TypeLIVERemaining Time -1:47 Playback Rate1ChaptersChaptersdescriptions off, selectedDescriptionssubtitles off, selectedSubtitlescaptions settings, opens captions settings dialogcaptions off, selectedCaptionsen (Main), selectedAudio TrackFullscreenThis is a modal window.Caption Settings DialogBeginning of dialog window. Escape will cancel and close the window.TextColorWhiteBlackRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentTransparentWindowColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyTransparentSemi-TransparentOpaqueFont Size50%75%100%125%150%175%200%300%400%Text Edge StyleNoneRaisedDepressedUniformDropshadowFont FamilyProportional Sans-SerifMonospace Sans-SerifProportional SerifMonospace SerifCasualScriptSmall CapsDefaultsDoneClose Modal DialogThis is a modal window. This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button. Read the case study to learn more about how RealPage runs its business on Dell EMC. For additional information about PowerEdge servers, visit dellemc.com/servers. Join the conversation on Twitter @DellEMCservers.
SmartFabric Director – a Joint collaboration effort between Dell Technologies and VMWare – had the following goals in mind, as we embarked on the project:Simplicity: Reduce the steps to deploy a fabric while providing a single point for fabric lifecycle management.Openness: Support for open standards to maximize flexibility, interoperability and technology investment.Consistency: Apply a consistent policy and automation framework across physical and virtual environments to reduce complexity while increasing efficiency.API-First DesignMost Enterprises have a variety of applications and tools to aid the Data Center Networks. It was important for SFD to fit into the Customers’ Software Architecture, which meant supporting programmatic interfaces and not just GUI. SFD has an API-First mindset – anything support through the Graphical User Interface (GUI) is also supported through an API – from Day One. SFD supports a REST based Northbound API to enable orchestration systems to programmatically use the product.gNMIgNMI (gRPC Network Management Interface) is a protocol that provides the mechanism to manipulate (create, update, delete) the configuration of network devices, and state retrieval. The content provided can be modeled with, but not limited to, YANG objects using a path consisting of elements names and map attributes. gNMI uses vendor neutral Openconfig YANG Objects to describe the elements and attributes. gNMI is built on top of gRPC.gRPCgRPC an open source framework developed by Google and managed by CNCF (Cloud Native Compute Foundation). The RPC framework built on top of HTTP/2. The framework allows for Unary, server streaming, client streaming and bi-directional streaming RPCs. gNMI allows for Multiplexing of RPCs over a single channel provided by library.ProtoBufData exchanged between SFD and Switches is encoded using Google Protocol Buffers. Protocol Buffers (a.k.a., protobuf) are language-neutral, platform-neutral, extensible mechanisms for serializing structured data.OpenConfigOpenConfig started as an informal working group of network operators with the goal of moving networks toward a more dynamic, programmable infrastructure by adopting software-defined networking principles such as declarative configuration and model-driven management and operations. Initial focus of OpenConfig is on compiling a consistent set of vendor-neutral data models (written in YANG) based on operational needs from use cases and requirements from multiple network operators. Openconfig also enables Streaming telemetry for network monitoring in which data is streamed from devices continuously with efficient, incremental updates. Operators can subscribe to the specific data items they need, using OpenConfig data models as the common interface.For more on Dell EMC SmartFabric Director, visit our website here. As modern, open and software-driven networks change how cloud providers and enterprises approach the data center, the need to simplify management and increase efficiency across virtual and physical network environments has never been greater.The Dell EMC SmartFabric Director enables data center operators to build, operate and monitor an open network underlay fabric based on Dell EMC Open Networking PowerSwitch Series switches. SmartFabric Director automates and simplifies the provisioning and monitoring of the fabric using Openconfig based models and protocols. Tight integration with VMware vSphere and NSX-T allows SmartFabric Director to dramatically simplify fabric provisioning for dynamic virtualized workloads and overlays.
TOKYO (AP) — Japanese space experts say they will examine soil samples brought back from a distant asteroid in an attempt to find the source of heat that altered the celestial body, in their search for clues to the origin of the solar system and life on Earth. Scientists at the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency say they have made a preliminary examination of 5.4 grams (0.19 ounce) of soil which the Hayabusa2 spacecraft brought back in December from the asteroid Ryugu, more than 300 million kilometers (190 million miles) from Earth. The scientists say the asteroid was exposed billions of years ago to extremely high temperatures, possibly caused by an internal source of heat or planetary collisions rather than heat from the sun.
With 65 different undergraduate degree programs offered at Notre Dame, each student graduates with a different body of knowledge behind his or her diploma. This year, the Notre Dame Forum will examine the most important common lessons by tackling the question, “What do Notre Dame graduates need to know?”University President Fr. John Jenkins told The Observer on Monday that Notre Dame’s ongoing curriculum review determined this year’s theme. Jenkins said the discussions at these events would help inform Notre Dame’s academic policy and would reflect on how today’s students can best serve the world and the Church.“What [the University is] going to have to do is listen to [the Forum speakers] and say, ‘Okay, are there implications for our requirements? For what we do at Notre Dame? For the education we offer? For what we require for a Notre Dame degree?’” Jenkins said.The first Forum event on Sept. 15, “Taking a Scientific Approach to Science Education,” will feature Carl Weiman, Stanford University professor and winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics, in the DeBartolo Performing Arts Center. An Oct. 6 event will feature both Catherine Cornille, chairwoman of Boston College’s theology department and Cyril O’Reagan, Huisking professor of theology at Notre Dame, and Duke University president Richard Brodhead will speak Nov. 4.University student body president Lauren Vidal said she hoped students would take advantage of the opportunity to learn from those featured at each Forum event.“The Notre Dame Forum continues to get stronger each year,” she said.Although each event has a specific academic focus, Jenkins said he hopes the Forum brings to light the importance of a breadth of education for each college graduate, reflected in the University’s core requirements.“Currently, there are requirements that every student needs to take in science, in philosophy, theology, social science […] and I think the thought is that for any educated person, they should have some knowledge of the scientific method or scientific discoveries, even if your major is business or English,” Jenkins said. “Similarly, if you’re a physicist, you should know about literature and you should know about philosophy or theology. Really, we all need a broad range of knowledge.”The forum will hopefully also stimulate student introspection, Jenkins said.“Everyone needs to think about, ‘what do I need to know?’ – whatever my aspirations are, what do I need to know to be a good citizen, to be a person who’s informed, to make good decisions about the range of issues that I will have to make decisions about?” he said. “So I hope it stimulates reflection for each and every student on what they need to know, because ultimately they are the ones that are responsible for their own education, preparing themselves for the future.”The Forum, an annual tradition at Notre Dame since 2005, looks to foster discussion within the University community, Jenkins said.“The challenge of universities, of course, is that sometimes we have various conversations going on but we don’t all bring them together,” Jenkins said. “The purpose of the Forum is to choose some topics that are timely in some way so that faculty and students – and really the whole University – can engage those at some level.”Tags: Notre Dame Forum