Message* Full Name* Share via Shortlink Email Address* A lawyer representing the village, located in Rockland County, disputed the allegations, and downplayed the significance of the new court order.“Freedom of religion doesn’t trump building safety codes,” said Brian Sokoloff of the law firm Sokoloff Stern, noting that the court order still requires Airmont to review and approve plans for constructing residential places of worship.All plans for residential places of worship measuring 1,400 square feet or smaller must now be reviewed on an expedited basis without a public hearing, according to the order from Judge Nelson S. Román. Plans for structures larger than 1,400 square feet will be subject to the village’s 1997 zoning code, which governed residential regulatory approval prior to the allegedly discriminatory rules put in place in 2018.The DOJ alleged that the more recent zoning code aimed to stop Jewish residents from building synagogues in their homes, which in turn would discourage them from moving to Airmont.The court order also requires Airmont protect the right of residential worship per a 1996 decision by the Southern District of New York, after a jury found the village had discriminated against Orthodox Jewish residents.Airmont’s attorney in the case said the DOJ is using “propaganda tactics” to unfairly characterize the village.“The government of Airmont has no problem whatsoever with people worshipping in their homes,” said Sokoloff. “Airmont provided oversight to make sure people’s safety is protected if a residence changed to a more intense use,” such as a gathering place for religious ceremonies.Gary Siepser, CEO of the Jewish Federation & Foundation of Rockland County, said he was not aware of any members being subject to unfair zoning policies, and expressed confidence that local and federal authorities would arrive at an amicable solution.The Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act, which passed in 2000, allows the Department of Justice to act against local governments that regulate land use to place a undue burden on religious exercise, or discriminate on the basis of religion.Even during the pandemic, when mass gatherings were discouraged to prevent spreading the coronavirus, courts have upheld the free exercise of religion. In October, Jewish and Catholic organizations sued Gov. Andrew Cuomo’s administration for restricting religious institutions but not secular businesses.Contact Orion Jones The village of Airmont will stop enforcing zoning provisions which the Department of Justice alleges discriminate against Jewish residents.(Airmont)Authorities in the village of Airmont, New York, will stop enforcing zoning provisions that the Department of Justice alleges discriminate against the village’s Orthodox Jewish residents.An injunction entered this week by a judge in the Southern District of New York requires that property owners be allowed to build communal places of worship (such as home synagogues) as-of-right in all residential districts.The DOJ filed its suit against Airmont at the end of 2020, alleging at the time that the village “enforc[ed] its zoning code in a discriminatory manner to prevent Orthodox Jews from using their property consistent with their faith.” It followed 2018 case brought by three Hasidic congregations alleging religious discrimination, after plans filed by several rabbis to build home synagogues were denied by the village’s Building Department.ADVERTISEMENT“We appreciate Airmont’s willingness to agree to cease enforcement of its discriminatory zoning code restrictions pending final resolution of this matter,” U.S. Attorney Audrey Strauss said in a statement.The injunction stops an “arbitrary, drawn-out application process designed to delay and effectively deny” minor alterations to homes, according to the DOJ.Read moreReligious groups sue to stop Cuomo’s new lockdownsState should stop exclusionary zoning in New York suburbs: reportConnecticut reformers turn up heat on housing segregationists Share on FacebookShare on TwitterShare on LinkedinShare via Email Share via Shortlink Tags Residential Real EstateTri-statetri-state weeklyZoning
View post tag: News by topic Russian Navy Main HQ has been working in St. Petersburg for three months now, said Navy Commander-in-Chief Admiral Viktor Chirkov…(rusnavy)[mappress]Source: Russian Navy, August 20, 2012; Image: krstarica Back to overview,Home naval-today Russia: Navy HQ Works in St. Petersburg for 3 Months Now View post tag: HQ Russia: Navy HQ Works in St. Petersburg for 3 Months Now August 20, 2012 Training & Education View post tag: months View post tag: 3 View post tag: Navy View post tag: works Share this article View post tag: Naval View post tag: Petersburg View post tag: St. View post tag: now
Authorities Australia: Collins Class Submarine Maintenance & Availability Advanced View post tag: Australia The review findings have been welcomed by Australian Minister for Defence David Johnston and Minister for Finance Mathias Cormann.The report found that two and frequently three submarines are now available for deployment at any time. In the recent past, the country was often reliant on a single boat.“The report notes remarkable progress in several areas,” Minister Johnston said.“This includes greater availability of spares, less planned maintenance over-runs, fewer breakdowns and faster repairs to operational boats when problems occur.”The final report also confirmed an increasingly collaborative effort by all partners involved—Navy, Defence Materiel Organisation and the submarine maintenance contractor, ASC.“We are particularly pleased with the improvements in submarine productivity from ASC, which has meant better support of the Navy’s submarine capability,” added Minister Cormann.“The signs are encouraging but there are still risks ahead with more work needing to be done,” Minister Johnston said. “The Collins Class is a sophisticated platform which operates in a demanding environment and continued improvements in availability will lack resilience until the Coles recommendations are fully implemented.”“The Navy’s submarine fleet is one of Australia’s most strategically important capabilities. The Government remains committed to improving the reliability and the availability of this vital part of our Defence capability,” Australian Government said in a release.Full report[mappress]Press Release, April 8, 2014, Image: Australian Govt COLLINS CLASS SUBMARINESThe fourth and final review into Australian Collins Class submarine sustainment program, released today by expert John Coles, confirms that submarine maintenance and availability has significantly improved. View post tag: News by topic Back to overview,Home naval-today Australia: Collins Class Submarine Maintenance & Availability Advanced View post tag: COLLINS View post tag: Defence View post tag: class View post tag: submarine April 8, 2014 View post tag: Naval View post tag: Availability View post tag: maintenance View post tag: Navy View post tag: Advanced View post tag: Defense Share this article
Magdalen top the Norrington table for the first time ever, with over half of Magdalen finalists awarded First Class honours this year.The Norrington score was developed by Sir Arthur Norrington, former President of Trinity, in the 1960s to provide a way of measuring the performance of students, by college, in finals. It works, according to the University of Oxford webpage, by attaching a score of 5 to a 1st class degree, 3 to a 2:1 degree, 2 to a 2:2 degree and 1 to a 3rd class degree. A total score is then calculated, and expressed as a percentage of the maximum possible score (ie five times the number of degrees awarded). The score allows a ranking of colleges. The greater the percentage, the better a college did.The table is based on interim results, and a final version will be made available in October.Third year linguist Harry Phillips said of the success: “Magdalen has had something of a golden year, proving itself not only to be a political powerhouse, but also a centre of intellectual superiority. Long may its Norrington domination continue”. Norrington table results (sorted by rank) 2009/20101. Magdalen2. Corpus Christi3. Merton4. St John’s5. New6. University7. Christ Church8. Worcester 9. Balliol10. Jesus11. Oriel12. Wadham13. Hertford14. Queen’s15. St Catherine’s16. Lincoln17. Pembroke18. St Anne’s19. St Hugh’s20. Brasenose21. Lady Margaret Hall22. St Hilda’s23. Trinity24. St Edmund Hall25. Somerville26. Exeter27. St Peter’s28. Keble29. Mansfield30. Harris ManchesterA more detailed breakdown can be found here: http://www.ox.ac.uk/about_the_university/facts_and_figures/undergraduate_degr_2.html
Facebook Twitter (Photo supplied/Elkhart Truth) Crews worked the scene of a crash Tuesday at the intersection of CR 17 and US 20.Elkhart Police say a tractor-trailer hauling a load of steel overturned when that load shifted. It happened around 9 a.m. Tuesday morning.The driver of the truck suffered minor injuries in the crash.Clearing the scene was expected to take several hours. Facebook Google+ IndianaLocalNewsSouth Bend Market Pinterest WhatsApp Elkhart tractor-trailer hauling steel overturns, disrupts traffic Twitter Pinterest By Tommie Lee – April 6, 2021 0 249 Google+ WhatsApp Previous articleSt. Joseph County VA Center offering walk-in vaccines to vets, familiesNext articleNew casino opening in Gary Tommie Lee
Speech: Intellectual Property Minister speaks of the importance of ensuring UK IP remains some of the best in the world
Firstly, as the technological revolution continues to unfold, we need to ensure we understand its impact on IP.So I’m pleased to announce that this summer we will host conference with the World Intellectual Property Organization, considering the implications of artificial intelligence – or AI – for IP.But we also need to help our IP systems to respond to the changes we see around usBoth so it can deal with the issues raised by technologies like block chain and AI, whilst supporting innovation.And so our Intellectual Property Office – or IPO – remains at the cutting edge.So, last year, for example, we announced research funding to look at how AI can modernise the process of filing Intellectual Property Rights.And we continue to talk to experts.I’ve personally visited our IPO offices in both London and Newport to meet with staff and listen to their plans for the future.And later this year I’ll organise roundtables with key IP stakeholders to understand your views on what we need to do to stay ahead – I hope I’ll see many of you there.BrexitBut for a nation like ours, with a long and proud history of trading with the world, IP will always be as much an international as a domestic matter.And of course, one of the complex international challenges the UK has faced in recent years is our withdrawal from the European Union.This has created a period of huge uncertainty. But, throughout, our priority has been to provide clarity. And to ensure a smooth and effective IP system, regardless of the outcome of the negotiations and parliamentary wrangling.So although we are focused on delivering the deal negotiated with the EU, we have prepared for all eventualities – including no deal.I’ve personally taken 4 Statutory Instruments through the Commons in the past few weeks – one of them just yesterday. These ensure we have a fully functioning IP statute book when the UK leaves the EU.So I am confident that we will continue to have one of the world’s best IP regimes, whatever the outcome. And that the transition will be a smooth one.International workAs a foundation of global trade, IP plays a crucial role as we leave the EU and forge new relations across the globe.So we are encouraging consistent and effective systems to help British firms do business internationallyParticularly, through our international attaché network, which operates around the world – from India to Brazil. Promoting respect for intellectual property. Encouraging cross-border collaboration. And helping UK businesses.Last year alone the network helped British businesses resolve issues worth almost one hundred million pounds. And now we are expanding the network, strengthening our international reach.We have a new post in North America. And we are increasing resources in China and South East Asia – helping UK firms to make the most of these expanding and lucrative markets.And I will be visiting China myself next month to discuss important IP issues with my Chinese counterparts, and others.ConclusionWhen I took over this job at the beginning of the year, I was aware that my predecessors had dubbed it the best in government. 8 weeks in, I have to agree.We live in exciting times. Times of technological revolution and global shifts.I am immensely proud of the IPO – the work they do, their ability to adapt, and their appetite to succeed in a complex and changing environment.And I am well aware that this work is enhanced by many of you here – our expert partners – sharing insights and ideas. I’m very grateful to you all and I want us to keep talking.Because while there are undoubtedly further challenges ahead, I am confident that, together, we will continue to provide one of the world’s best IP systems.Encouraging innovation and investment, attracting the best talent, and, ultimately, creating the economy our country needs.Thank you. It’s a pleasure to be here. M.I.P. is a valued resource across the world and it’s a privilege to speak at today’s conference.I’ve only been in post for 3 months. And I’m in a slightly unusual situation, in that I’m a Minister in 2 departments – the Business Department and the Department for Education.This means my poor staff are forced to endure something of a nomadic existence in Whitehall. It also means I have a diverse brief – ranging from technology, to universities and space exploration.Anyone in government – or anyone honest – will tell you that finding your way through a new Ministerial brief is a daunting task.But not long into the job I had a eureka moment: I realised that one element of my portfolio united all the others.That intellectual property is the nerve centre of my role; it links research to economic growth, it links the arts to the sciences. And it underpins everything we are trying to achieve across the economy as a whole.And that means this is an area we have to get right. Which is why I’m committed to protecting and strengthening our IP systemTo helping it adjust to the changes we see around usTo talking to experts like you to understand how we can stay aheadAnd, ultimately, to ensuring that UK IP remains some of the best in the world.The importance of IP It costs well over a billion pounds, on average, to bring a new drug to market. Hollywood films typically cost in excess of 60 million dollars to produce.What would be the motivation, let alone the justification, if the fruits of your labours weren’t your own?This simple principle demonstrates why IP is central to our plans for the economy.Last year we published our industrial strategy. A key aim of which is to encourage innovation across the economy.We’re increasing R&D spend to 2.4% of GDP. And we’re encouraging the commercialisation of research in our fantastic universities.This simply wouldn’t be achievable without a strong IP system.Last week I met representatives from Stanford and MIT. Both extraordinary centres of innovation. So much so that venture capitalists are buying-up properties adjacent to campus to ensure their staff are close to the action.It was clear in that meeting that IP protection is vital if those universities are to retain the talent they need to thrive.I was recently privileged enough to visit the British Library IP archives and see the original patent of the spinning Jenny – one of the sparks of the industrial revolution.It was an apt reminder that IP underpinned the economic changes of the past. Just as it will today.If we are to keep the best minds working in Britain. If we are to attract inward investment. And if we are to build the world’s most innovative economy, a strong IP system is key.The UK IP FrameworkFortunately, the UK has a deserved reputation as a great place to develop and protect IP.Just last month the US Chamber of Commerce Global IP Centre ranked our IP framework second out of 50 jurisdictions, beaten only by the USA. And we’re ranked first in the world for patents by the Taylor Wessing Global IP Index.But to maintain this position we need to be able to adapt and respond to the changes we see around us.Before I was a politician, I was an historian.And what history shows us is that intellectual property evolves, shaped by changes in, politics, technology and markets.In the seventeenth century as Parliament and the monarchy tussled for power, control of patents was transferred from the King to the courts.2 centuries later, we saw the first major international IP agreements, in response to the expansion of communication technologies and the explosion of global trade.Today, once again, we’re in the midst of significant technological and political change. And IP must adapt.Innovation, technology and IP
Source: AsdaCaramelised biscuit celebration cake, AsdaAsda is tapping into the nation’s love of all things speculoos with its new Caramelised Biscuit Celebration Cake.The cake is made of sponge soaked in a speculoos and caramel flavouring, topped with vanilla frosting, caramel frosting rosettes and caramel sauce, all finished with a coating of speculoos crumb. It serves 16 and costs £13.“We’ve seen the trend for speculoos flavour continue to grow and know our customers will love this rich indulgent treat,” said Becky Price, celebration cake product developer. “Perfect for any celebration or afternoon tea, it’s bound to be a crowd pleaser.” Source: AsdaDeli Kitchen, Baker Street and Mr Kipling are among the brands to unveil a raft of new bakery products as consumers seek alternative lunch options and permissible treats.The new products include a five-strong range of wraps, chocolate tarts and ‘drive-thru classics’ in the form of hot dog and burger buns ahead of what’s expected to be a huge UK barbecue season.Here’s the last NPD to hit shelves: Source: Premier FoodsChocolate tarts, Mr KiplingPremier Foods has extended its Mr Kipling range with Chocolate Tarts (rsp £1.89 per six-pack).The tarts feature a light pastry case with a layer of chocolate-flavoured mousse with chocolate-flavoured icing and sugar sprinkles on top. They contain no hydrogenated fat or artificial colours, Premier Foods noted, and have 100% natural flavours.“The launch will also appeal to traditional convenience shoppers, who are continuing to purchase smaller treats, making them more inclined to pick up a cake as an impulse purchase,” said Mathew Bird, brand director for sweet treats at Premier Foods.“Over lockdown, there has been a surge of new shoppers buying into the pies and tarts sector, with pre-family and younger family shoppers seeing the biggest growth.” Source: Signature FlatbreadsWraps, Deli KitchenSignature Flatbreads is boosting the presence of its Deli Kitchen brand on Tesco shelves with five new types of wrap. The new products are:Carb Lite WrapsWheat & White WrapsMalted Rye WrapsPlain WrapsPlain Mini Wraps.They have rsps ranging from 95p to £1.40 and join the brand’s existing products – Brioche Style Wraps, Greek Style Wraps and Focaccia – on Tesco’s shelves. Deli Kitchen noted a 78% uplift in sales in 2020, partly fuelled by the pandemic driving demand for ‘more interesting lunch options at home’.The range is rolling out with new-look packaging following a brand refresh for Deli Kitchen as it looked to increase its ‘on-shelf impact’.In addition, the launch will be supported by a social-led advertising campaign which will feature British-Cypriot dance duo Stavros Flatley, due to go live in late April. The pair hit the limelight on Britain’s Got Talent and will add humour to an advertising campaign which uses the slogan ‘Don’t be a Loafer’, and bids to inspire UK consumers to rethink their lunchtime options.“The Deli Kitchen brand has gone from strength to strength, especially in the last year, as consumers look to add interest to at home food options,” said Signature Flatbreads’ joint MD David Laurence. “We anticipate strong sales and future range growth as more people try the products and they become a firm favourite.” Source: St Pierre GroupeDrive-thru classics, Baker StreetSt Pierre Groupe’s Baker Street brand has secured its first major multiple listing with Tesco for a new range of Original Burger Buns and Classic Hot Dog Rolls.In its new look packaging, the ‘Drive Thru Classics’ range is designed to cater to the growing fakeaway trend. Both the six-pack of burger buns and four-pack of hot dog rolls retail at £1.29.“Baker Street is perfectly placed to fill a gap in the market,” said St Pierre Groupe founder Jeremy Gilboy. “A combination of anxious consumers retreating to comfort foods and familiar classics, and the closure of the UK’s restaurants has driven demand for the at-home fakeaway.“The nation’s favourite fast-food restaurants don’t use rolls for burger buns – and with good reason. We worked closely with Tesco to develop a proposition that would drive sales and the extended-life of the Baker Street range will be a real help as we head into what’s set to be the biggest BBQ season on record.”The brand launched its Stollen exclusively with Tesco for Christmas 2020 and after driving value sales of more than £1.4m, the brand leveraged seasonal success to secure a permanent listing.Baker Street has grown 30% year on year and is celebrating five consecutive years of double-digit growth, with a brand value in excess of £25m. St Pierre Groupe, meanwhile, saw revenue pass £100m in 2020 with co-founder Paul Baker eyeing £150m by 2022.
Back in September, Brooklyn Comes Alive took over three venues in Williamsburg, New York City, offering up the characteristic tributes, supergroups, and all-around musical madness the event has become known for. On Sunday, September 23rd, a supergroup led by critically acclaimed saxophonist Skerik took over Schimanski mid-day, boasting a stacked lineup also featuring Reed Mathis, Alan Evans, Will Bernard, and Wil Blades. Skerik, Mathis, Evans, Bernard, and Blades absolutely tore up their performance, offering a masterclass in jazz-inspired improvisation.Watch George Porter Jr., Skerik, And Mike Dillon Explore Far Reaches Of Funk At Brooklyn Comes AliveOne of the best parts of the show was watching the electric chemistry between the five musicians on stage, with grins abounding on stage and across the audience as the ensemble laid out an impeccable jazz-funk-fusion set. While predictably tight sonically, the all-star supergroup maintained a loose and playful vibe, allowing each member to shine and truly flex their musical muscles both as individuals and as a collective unit.Relive The Magic Of Brooklyn Comes Alive 2017 With This Set-By-Set BreakdownThanks to Rex Thomson and Eric McRoberts, you can check out full video of Skerik, Reed Mathis, Alan Evans, Will Bernard, and Wil Blades’ outstanding performance at this year’s Brooklyn Comes Alive. Relive the magic for yourself below!Part 1Part 2Part 3Part 4[Photo: Patrick Hughes]
Study, research, and public service have taken Melissa Tran ’10 around the world. You’d never guess that four years ago she was reluctant to leave her home near San Jose, Calif., to attend college 3,000 miles away.She said that during her first year she felt insecure and wondered if she might be an example of that Harvard urban legend, the “admissions mistake.”“It wasn’t until after my sophomore year, when I went abroad and started working on my thesis, when I realized that, ‘Hey, I am actually doing really cool things,’ ” said Tran. “Now, I am the person that my freshman self hoped to become someday.”When she arrived at Harvard, she knew she was interested in public service, but was undecided about her concentration, stuck between history and sociology. The class that sparked her passion and solidified her path was an overview of contemporary American immigration taught by Mary Waters, M.E. Zukerman Professor of Sociology.During the summer after her sophomore year, Tran interned at a nonprofit in Argentina through the David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies. She also traveled to Uruguay and Peru. Tran spent the fall term of her junior year studying in Seville, Spain. Not one to stay put for long, while in Europe she also visited Morocco, Portugal, Germany, France, and Gibraltar.While her peers expressed concern that she might miss out on opportunities at Harvard while abroad, she said that these globe-trotting experiences have defined her time at Harvard.“I have done things that I never thought that I would do or would want to do,” said Tran. “For example, when I went to Peru for the week after Argentina, I backpacked by myself for four days. And I was completely by myself. I just had this little backpack. I never thought that my Spanish would be good enough to do that. I never thought that I would be able to get the nerve to do that by myself.”Last summer, Tran worked with recent Harvard graduates in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, where her parents were born and raised. The opportunity came through Harvard’s Office of Career Services Lowe Loan Fund for career exploration.Most recently, Tran traveled to Mexico to conduct research for her thesis about the social networking Web site miAltos, which connects immigrants from the Los Altos region of Mexico with friends and family back home. It primarily includes those who hail from San Julián, a city within Los Altos. After interviewing residents of San Julián about their experiences on the site, Tran flew to Chicago to interview former residents who had moved to the United States and stayed in touch with loved ones through miAltos.The Pforzheimer House resident has also advocated for immigrant rights as president of Harvard College Act on a Dream, a student organization working to help undocumented students gain citizenship. The group has raised awareness on the Harvard campus about the Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors (DREAM) Act, legislation that would give undocumented students a pathway to citizenship. Many people are unaware that there are undocumented students at U.S. colleges, Tran said. Often they came to America at a young age, attended high school here, and have lived typical American lives.Her Harvard experience has opened up the world to her, but it has also brought her closer to home, empowering her to fight for immigrant and undocumented-students’ rights. The students’ experiences, she said, are not dissimilar from her own as the daughter of immigrants.Tran noted that she had no control over the fact that she was born in the United States, just as many undocumented immigrants had no control over the fact that they were brought into this country at young ages. “The injustice comes from the fact that I will have limitless opportunities when I graduate in May, but they will have almost none,” she said.Next year, Tran plans to continue in public service and immigrant rights advocacy, and she says she is itching to travel again.
The Daily Gazette Sign up for daily emails to get the latest Harvard news. Applications for admission to Harvard College’s Class of 2024 totaled 40,246, the third time in Harvard’s history that applications have exceeded 40,000. Last year, 43,330 students applied for the Class of 2023.“We continue to be excited by the extraordinary students from across the nation and around the world who apply to Harvard College,” said William R. Fitzsimmons, dean of admissions and financial aid.There are slightly more women (50.2 percent) than men in the applicant pool this year.Biological sciences (23.6 percent) and social sciences (22 percent) remain the top interests of Harvard applicants. There was a slight increase in the share of students expressing interest in Computer Science (11.2 percent versus 10.7) and the physical sciences (7.2 percent versus 6.8). A similar share of students expressed an interest in the humanities (11.6 percent), engineering (13 percent), and math (5.8). Among applicants this year, 25.2 percent identify as Asian American, 12.6 identify as Latinx, and 11.2 identify as African American and 2.1 as Native American or Native Hawaiian.The economic diversity of the applicant pool was similar to last year. Almost 30 percent of applicants requested a fee waiver, and more than 20 percent indicated they are the first generation of their families to attend college.Today, Harvard announced it will expand its financial aid program again by eliminating the summer work expectation for students beginning in the 2020-21 academic year from all financial aid awards. Students will still be expected to contribute $3,500 through term-time work to meet their estimated personal expenses.The Faculty of Arts and Sciences (FAS) is investing an estimated $2 million to fund the program expansion. The goal of this change is to provide aided students with more flexibility to pursue academic, public service, or internship opportunities during the summer.“This initiative is part of a broader effort to ensure that students can engage fully, explore bravely, make authentic choices, and realize their full potential as members of the Harvard community,” said Claudine Gay, Edgerley Family Dean of the FAS.Maria Dominguez Gray, Class of 1955 Executive Director of Phillips Brooks House Association, said the additional aid will be especially impactful for students with the highest need, many of whom often have to choose more lucrative summer internships over public service.“We were fortunate to receive funding from the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative three years ago to forgive summer earnings for many students on financial aid, and while such grants have tremendous value to broadening participation in summer service programs, demand soon exceeded the existing funding. This aid expands options for students who may work in the Summer Urban Program in Boston or Cambridge, area homeless shelters, or as Mindich Service Fellows,” she said.“Harvard continues to be a leader in reducing both real and perceived financial barriers for students and families,” said Jake Kaufmann, Griffin Director of Financial Aid. “This enhancement to our program will simplify financial aid awards, making them easier to understand.”For more than 15 years, Harvard has consistently expanded its undergraduate financial aid program to attract and enroll the most-promising students from all socioeconomic backgrounds. Since launching the Harvard Financial Aid Initiative in 2005, Harvard has awarded more than $2 billion in grant aid to undergraduates. Harvard’s undergraduate financial aid award budget has increased more than 148 percent, from $80 million in 2005 to more than $200 million in 2019. Last year, 1,115 (16.6 percent) students qualified for a Pell grant, an increase since 2008 when 695 (10.6 percent) of undergraduates received the grant.Harvard costs the same or less than most public universities for 90 percent of American families. More than half of Harvard students receive need-based financial aid, and the average grant is $53,000. No loans are required. Families with incomes up to $150,000 and typical assets pay 10 percent or less of their annual incomes. Families with higher incomes receive need-based aid depending on individual circumstances. Harvard’s net-price calculator makes it easy for families to get a sense of the College’s affordability. For students not receiving need-based aid, the total cost of attendance (including tuition, room, board, and fees) is scheduled to increase by 4 percent to $72,391 for the 2020–2021 academic year.Applicants will be notified of the admissions committee’s decisions on March 26. Admitted students will be invited to Cambridge to attend Visitas, a special program designed to familiarize them with the opportunities at Harvard. This year Visitas will be held April 18-20, and students will have until the national reply date of May 1 to make their final college choices.