Just as clinical trials are critical to enhancing human health and medicine, field experiments are critical to understanding human learning and education, according to a new paper published in the online journal Science.A team of economists and psychologists at Harvard and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), working together with organizations focused on enhancing education and reducing poverty in India, have demonstrated both the feasibility and the necessity of such experiments, the study noted.“Research in cognitive science has taught us a great deal about what children know and how they learn,” said Harvard Professor Elizabeth Spelke, the Marshall L. Berkman Professor of Psychology and one of the paper’s authors. “Much of that work applies to all children, worldwide, and it gives us methods for assessing children’s knowledge that are robust enough to work when implemented by adults with only high school education, working with children in hot and noisy slums. This research doesn’t tell us how to create better schools, but it gives us the tools to do field experiments that can.”While primary education now is compulsory in India, it was not widespread a generation ago. Poor Indian children are likely to live in families and communities with high rates of illiteracy and innumeracy. Countrywide studies show that many fail to learn the basic concepts and skills taught in primary schools, in large part because the curricula taught in the schools assumes a level of preparation that is not there.Drawing on decades of cognitive science research probing the nature and early development of mathematical reasoning, the Harvard and MIT team created a program for enhancing poor children’s readiness to learn mathematics, and evaluated it over a period of 18 months. More than 200 single-class preschools serving 1,500 children in Delhi were randomized to three conditions. One group received a math curriculum consisting of games training two aspects of intuitive mathematics: sensitivity to numbers, and geometry. Children from wealthy countries master these intuitive mathematics over their preschool years, and research in cognitive science suggests this is critical for later learning of symbolic mathematics.A second group received a curriculum of games with the same structure that trained sensitivity to aspects of human communication: sensitivity to emotional expressions and signs of attention. This skillset also develops in preschool and is widely thought to be critical to learning from others, but was not expected to affect math directly. Over a four-month period, the games were played for three weekly one-hour sessions in these two groups, while a third group of children received the regular preschool curriculum.To measure the effects of the games, all the children were assessed on a variety of abilities, including intuitive abilities close to the content of the games in the two curricula, such as determining which of two sets of objects was more numerous or which of two faces was happier, and symbolic abilities at the center of the primary school curriculum, such as identifying Arabic numerals or naming shapes.In the summer months immediately following preschool, the children showed effects of the math games intervention that closely paralleled effects found in Western children from developed countries: higher sensitivity to numbers and geometry on the intuitive measures that were close to the games, and also better mastery of the language and symbols of intuitive, preschool mathematics. In these respects, the study strongly confirmed the central findings from basic research in the cognitive science of mathematics, showing that those findings generalize across children living and learning in very different circumstances. Moreover, they show that field interventions can be effective, not only when implemented in carefully controlled model classrooms but also when implemented and evaluated by adults with minimal training and little connection to the research team.Shortly after the end of the first year of primary school, the children who had received the math games curriculum still reliably outperformed the other children at tests of intuitive numerical and spatial abilities. Although these children had no access to the math games after the end of the intervention, the benefits from the games persisted.In striking contrast, the intervention showed no effect on children’s mastery of symbolic school mathematics: By the end of first grade, children in the math games condition were no better than those in the other two conditions at deciphering Arabic numerals, performing simple verbal additions, or learning the vocabulary of school geometry. Just as well-supported findings in molecular biology do not guarantee the success of new medical treatments, key findings in cognitive science were reproducible in this population but failed to produce a successful educational curriculum.“We think our findings underscore both the feasibility and the necessity of randomized-controlled field experiments to test frontier cognitive science hypotheses in the field,” said Spelke.Why did the curriculum fail to improve school mathematics, even as it effectively trained intuitive concepts, and how might future studies succeed at this second step?“Our best guess is that our intervention did not increase kids’ performance in school because the gap between intuitive mathematics and formal mathematics is too large, and ordinary conversations and social interactions cannot bridge it in this context,” said Esther Duflo, a professor of economics at MIT and a co-author of the study.“Our ongoing interventions focus on versions of these games that exercise children’s intuitive mathematical abilities while also presenting the primary language and symbols of school mathematics. We should soon learn whether the new curriculum works better. In this respect, field research is no different from basic research: Both require multiple experiments, and learning from failures, to get things right.”This research was funded by the UBS Optimus Foundation and by Harvard’s Foundations of Human Behavior Initiative.
Annmarie Soller An exhibition of thirty Christmas nativity scenes, crèches, from around the world will be on display from Nov. 19 through Jan. 31, said John Cavadini, professor of theology and director of the Institute for Church Life. The crèches, on loan from the Marian Library International Crèche Collection at the University of Dayton, are spread throughout campus.“Some are in the Eck Center, some are in the main lobby of the Morris Inn, some are in McKenna Hall, some are in the Main Building, some are in the Hesburgh Library concourse,” he said. “Our idea is to have provided not simply an exhibition of artistic work — though that is what it is — but also to provide people the opportunity for pilgrimage, so that they can walk from one building to the other, and they can prayerfully encounter these images of the holy family and the nativity.“It’s probably nowhere more evident the global enculturation of the Gospel, than in the depiction of the nativity of the Lord, which is the third the joyful mystery of the rosary, as in interpreted by people of various cultures of the world, who have embraced this mystery in their heart. And so, in all of these crèches, we’re at once invited into one of the most intimate in a family’s life, the welcoming of a newborn child, and in contemplating this scene, we’re invited into what Christian faith believes to be the most intimate moment between God and creation, the Incarnation.”Rev. Johann G. Roten, S.M., director of research and special projects at the University of Dayton, delivered the opening lecture, entitled, “The Crèche: A Celebration of Christmas and Culture,” for the exhibit on Wednesday night in the Eck Visitors Center Auditorium.Roten said the crèches demonstrate the close relationship between culture and religion.“And indeed, that relationship between culture and religion has always been a very important concern because where does religion begin? Where does culture stop? How do the two combine? Which is influencing the other?” Roten said. “All of these different things we try to develop and to study in and through our nativity collection.”There are three fundamental ways of looking at nativity traditions, which can be categorized as “mountain,” “landscape” or “village,” Roten said.“When you look through what became the oldest and most important of the nativity tradition, which is of Latin origin, a combination of Italy and Spain, through the city of Naples, a couple things come to the forefront, which have a deep theological meaning,” he said.The design of these crèches is such that the nativities are depicted at the bottom of a mountain, Roten said.“The idea being that the divinity, Jesus Christ, had to go through all the strata of human reality in order to get to the bottom of that reality, and therefore be able to assume the whole of that reality,” he said. “It’s a very important idea, and you find it in quite a lot of those different representations of the nativity.”The “landscape” is found in crèches of the German tradition, Roten said.“Nature becomes an important part, because it shows that the nativity is always a miracle,” he said. “And how do you represent the miracle? Difficult, of course to explain, but at least symbolically you can explain it, in showing in that landscape, for instance, an apple tree laden with apples. Now it’s the end of December. How could you explain it? That’s an illustration of the miracle.”The “village” is found in crèches of the French tradition, especially those of the Provence region, Roten said.“All inhabitants of the village would come to the manger,” he said. “The ‘village’ is an expression not only of the global village but also, what we call in theology the ecclesiology of communion. We have on the one hand great unity and on the other great diversity around the baby in the manger.”Tags: christmas and culture, creches, Institute for Church Life, rev. johann g. roten, roten, university of dayton
Officials in Great Smoky Mountains National Park have located a teen who was reported missing 11 days ago after an off trail off-trail hike in the park’s remote southwest corner.According to local news reports, Austin Bohanan of nearby Blount County, Tennessee, walked out of the park on his own today, emerging near a remote backcountry area known as Tabcat Creek around 2:30 P.M.He’s was then transported to a nearby hospital in Maryville, Tennessee.The 11-day search for Buchanan was headed up by rangers on the park’s search and rescue team, officers with the Tennessee Wildlife Resource Authority and individuals with the Backcountry Unit Search and Rescue team (BUSAR). All told their were 19 active members of the search party.“By limiting the number of searchers in the area, rangers have the best chance to find Bohanan quickly,” a news release from the park service said. “Dog teams and trackers can be hampered by additional people in the area when searchers are looking for signs of hiker travel.”Bohanan was reported missing by his stepfather on Sunday, August 13, two days after he last saw him in the off trail area the two were hiking in. Stay tuned for further updates to this story as more details become available.
While crisp mountain air and vistas of vibrant foliage are reasons enough for a fall mountain getaway, consider a whole mountain of brilliant reasons to experience autumn in Allegany County, the Mountain Side of Maryland.Catch the Fall Foliage Train Experience Allegany County features three stunning mountainside golf courses, including the Jack Nicklaus Signature Course at the Rocky Gap Casino Resort, which was recently named one of Golfweek’s “Best Courses You Can Play in Maryland”! Relax and enjoy a round on any of the three courses, surrounded by spectacular fall scenery. Capture an Iconic Fall View The air crisps quick here in the mountains, but fall is the perfect time to squeeze in one last paddle before the falling leaves turn to snow. Lake Habeeb at Rocky Gap State Park offers rentals for kayaks, canoes, and stand up paddleboards and has the picturesque surroundings of the beautiful fall mountains. The Potomac River, forming the southern border of Allegany County, winds along the historic C&O Canal Towpath and through Green Ridge State Forest, Maryland’s largest contiguous forest.Bicycle Through the Mountains Maryland. Be Open For It. All aboard this vibrant excursion, as passengers are transported through the colorful mountains of changing leaves, from Cumberland to Frostburg, Maryland, on the restored diesel locomotive of the Western Maryland Scenic Railroad. The Fall Foliage Experience offers a standard coach ride and optional dining service, throughout October. You won’t want to miss it!Get on the Water So, what are you waiting for? The mountains are calling! Dan’s Rock in Midland, Maryland, is the highest elevation point in Allegany County, overlooking the mountain ranges of Maryland and West Virginia. If a road trip is what you are after, we highly suggest the self-guided scenic overlook tour in Green Ridge State Forest. Travelers can pick up a map from the Forest headquarters and drive 45 miles, stopping at five scenic overlooks.This fall, let Allegany County, the Mountain Side of Maryland, serve as a home base for exploring attractions and the great outdoors. The accommodations include a handful of charming and historic bed and breakfasts and boutique hotels, a large selection of chain hotels, and beautifully set campgrounds. The Great Allegheny Passage offers an incredible fall foliage ride through the mountains, following the old Western Maryland Railway tracks from Cumberland to Frostburg, and continues north to Pittsburgh, PA. Highlights include Bone Cave, where 41 genera of mammals were found from 1912-1916, including the skeleton of a saber-toothed cat; the picturesque Helmstetter’s Curve; multiple tunnels; the Mason Dixon line; and the Big Savage Overlook, where riders get a gorgeous view overlooking Allegany County.Grab Your Golf Clubs
ShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr continue reading » True to their people-helping-people philosophy, credit unions continue to offer assistance programs to members affected by the government shutdown.ABC Action News KFSN in California provided news coverage on how Golden 1 Credit Union in Sacramento and Noble Credit Union in Fresno are helping federal workers “weather the storm” during the shutdown. Golden 1 introduced a Pay Disruption Assistance Program and Noble works with members on a case-by-case basis.At R.I.A. Federal Credit Union in Rock Island, Ill, members with existing loans can defer payment up to 60 days. The credit union will also reduce the loan rate or payment for up to six months, and it introduced a special payroll-impaired loan for up to $3,500 at 5.99% for up to 18 months.IH Mississippi Valley Credit Union, in Moline, Ill., offers affected members a 12-month, 1.99% annual percentage rate government payroll assistance loan up to $5,000. To qualify, members need to have their government payroll directly deposited into a credit union account or provide a paystub or proof of their furlough from their government agency. If members do not need payroll assistance but have a loan at the credit union, they may defer one monthly payment of any consumer loan at no charge.
There can be a lot of pressure on you when you’re interviewing job candidates, especially if you’re having to replace a great employee. No matter what position you’re hiring for, you want to make sure you find a candidate that’s not only a good fit for the position but a good fit for your team and your company culture. There are a lot of good options to hire, but here are three people you might want to avoid…The (too) quiet person: It’s not a crime to be a little shy (it’s def better than saying really dumb things), but when a candidate wants to make a good impression, it’s a good idea to have something to say. Look for the candidate who is delivering great answers and asking great questions. If someone really wants to fill your opening, they’ll be prepared with plenty to say.The brown noser: When I was a kid, I used to love reruns of classic sit-coms like Leave it to Beaver. If you’re familiar with the show, then you probably remember Eddie Haskell. He was the guy who was a little sleazy but always turned on the fake charm whenever there were parents around. A job candidate who says exactly what they think you want to hear is definitely not the right person to join your team. It’s usually pretty easy to spot someone who’s faking it. Find someone who feels like a good fit and doesn’t seem deceptive.The Negative Nancy: You would think that anyone interviewing for a job would try to have a positive outlook. For some, they see a job interview as an opportunity to complain about their current/previous workplace. If they have a legitimate reason to complain that may be one thing, but I’d bet they’re probably the type of person who’s going to look for the negative anywhere they work. Think about whether or not you want someone like that on your staff. 5SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr,John Pettit John Pettit is the Managing Editor for CUInsight.com. John manages the content on the site, including current news, editorial, press releases, jobs and events. He keeps the credit union … Web: www.cuinsight.com Details
ShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr We have now entered year 10 of the recovery since The Great Recession, which is fairly unprecedented territory when it comes to an economic expansion. Many lenders in the industry have already been making preparations the last several years for the next recession. A variety of auto lenders pulled back their sub-prime lending as early as 2016 for fear of the next recession; sub-prime loans typically don’t survive a recession very well.From past experience, some credit unions tend to be a little late to the party, so to speak, when it comes to preparing for a recession. We tend to be act like eternal optimists until we take a serious hit; I’m thinking of the famous Mike Tyson quote about everyone having a plan until they get punched in the mouth. Sometimes, as lenders, we’re in denial that the economy will ever take a breath and experience some contraction. For others, trying to squeeze every drop of loan growth out of the economy is of utmost importance; resulting collection problems are something to worry about next year. Frankly, this has never been a problem for me; I like to joke that I’ve predicted five out of the last three recessions.For those realists who want to start preparing now, how can you be sure your credit union will ultimately be ready? I’ve seen too many unprepared credit unions suffer in a downturn in my 30 years in the credit union movement and, more importantly, heard of too many members affected as their credit union is more focused on fixing their portfolio than lending money. To evaluate your preparedness, honestly assess your credit union in these four areas: continue reading »
TZ Bakra is the first in Croatia to organize a licensed Interpret Europe course for guide interpreters
Aware of the fact that the world heritage has been presented to a wider audience for a long time and that the greatest asset for overcoming the tourist isolation of Bakar is its rich natural and cultural heritage, the Tourist Board of Bakar and the City of Bakar have recognized the need for quality education of tourist guides. museum staff and staff in nature parks.Therefore, in cooperation with the first interpretation guide and coach in Croatia and the author of popular “Secret Zagreb” tours, Ivo Silla, they decided to organize a licensed Interpret Europe course “Guide interpreter” which will be held in October and November in Bakar. That’s right In July, the Tourist Board of the City of Bakar filled all places for the Interpret Europe licensed course “Guide interpreter” which will be held in Bakar in October and thus became the first destination in Croatia to independently organize a licensed Interpret Europe course for guide interpreters.Costumed themed tours, visitor centers, storytelling, workshops, ecomuseums – all this is the interpretation of heritage, ie the way in which natural and historical heritage is “translated” into a language understood by the local population of all generations (especially children and youth) and visitors and tourists Interpret Europe is a European professional association that brings together about 500 professionals in the field of heritage interpretation from 45 countries and through a series of courses held by their members in their countries conducts various trainings with the aim of better interpretation of heritage, indispensable. part of cultural tourism.In this way, the Tourist Board of the City of Bakar is actively involved in the development of heritage interpretation in the Primorje-Gorski Kotar County with the desire that Bakar emerges from decades of tourist isolation through interpretive guides and other professionals who will reveal rich Bakar heritage to visitors. which are actually the essence of tourism.”Tečaj in Bakar will be the first Interpret Europe course for interpretive guides in Croatia organized exclusively by Croatian organizers. Although we are one of the smallest tourist boards, and our tourism development lags far behind that in Kvarner, we are proud that we, together with the City of Bakar, organized education which is a prerequisite for the development of quality, strategically oriented tourism in our area. In this context, we are extremely pleased with the recent publication of an article in the newsletter of the Intepret Europe association in which Iva Silla and expert for the promotion of interpreted heritage Silvija Jacić presented activities in the field of heritage interpretation that we launched in Bakar such as Ponikva Educational Trail Walks through history or a program for children called “Little Naval Battle”. We intend to continue and develop all of them, as well as some new ones like this course, even more intensively, into quality tourist products.”Emphasized the director of the Tourist Board of the City of Bakar, Sonja Jelušić Marić.Through 40 hours of theoretical and practical classes, trainer Iva Silla will teach students the skills of interpretive guidance that are achieved through interpretive techniques and methods and the search for unique properties of phenomena and objects. The course also includes non-personal interpretation, understanding groups of visitors with special needs, and learning about sustainability and the use of interpretive criticism. At the end of the course, participants will be trained to plan and perform interpretive guidance, which will raise the quality of their work and bring stronger memories and new experiences to visitors. All guides, participants of the course, after successful passing become certified interpretation guides, and those who are not engaged in leadership will gain useful knowledge about the interpretation of heritage. At the same time, in newsletter of this important European association, a text was published on the increasingly intensive interpretation of the cultural and natural heritage of the City of Bakar, which is becoming its main tourist asset.RELATED NEWS:
Topics : The fight against the COVID-19 for the past six months feels like running 10 kilometers of a marathon “at full speed” said Jeong Eun-kyeong, chief of Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The most pressing task is to secure medical professionals and hospital beds to treat seriously ill patients, as well as other personnel to trace, test and treat COVID-19 patients, she said at a briefing Monday. Monday marks six months since Korea reported the first COVID-19 case on Jan. 20. “In the situation where COVID-19 is raging worldwide and a long fight is inevitable, our goal is to contain and control the size and pace of the virus outbreaks to a level where our medical, quarantine and social systems can manage them so that we can protect lives of those in high-risk groups — such as the elderly — and minimize the social and economic fallout,” she saidThe most pressing challenges are to develop a vaccine and treatment for the COVID-19 patients, as well as to build up medical capacity to be prepared for a spike in the COVID-19 patients. Not to overwhelm the country’s health system and better cope with the prolonged pandemic, the country needs to secure more medical professionals in looking after seriously ill patients as well as hospital beds, she pointed out. She also noted the need to change the country’s institutions, culture and social practices for citizens to be able to keep personal hygiene and maintain physical distance with others in their daily lives. She referred to support for more paid holidays or telecommuting as examples. For about a month after Korea saw the first COVID-19 patient on Jan. 20, the country reported about 30 cases for the month — about 1.03 persons a day — mostly coming from China.The virus situation began to get serious in mid-February as hundreds of new cases were reported a day in connection with the country’s largest-yet cluster — a branch of Shincheonji Church of Jesus in Daegu. So far, a total of 5,213 people were linked to the cluster. Two other major clusters — Cheongdo Daenam Hospital in North Gyeongsang Province and a call center in southwestern Seoul – also drove up the number of new cases. From Feb. 18 to May 5, it saw about 138.13 daily cases on average a day. Coupled with the country’s efforts to rapidly and extensively trace, test and treat COVID-19 patients, the government put in place a social distancing campaign in late February through early May. On April 1, it required all international arrivals to self-quarantine for two weeks — regardless of nationality — as part of efforts to stem the continued influx of imported cases. The efforts helped Korea largely bring the coronavirus under control until the number of cases began to spike again after a long holiday in early May. The virus transmission that began at bars and clubs in Seoul’s party district led to outbreaks at logistics centers, churches and door-to-door sales events. Since May 6, the country saw about 39.29 cases a day on average until Monday. On Monday, Korea reported 26 new COVID-19 cases, with 22 imported from overseas and four locally transmitted, according to the KCDC. The total caseload rose to 13,771. Of the 22 imported cases, 10 were detected during the quarantine screening process at the border and the rest while the individuals were under mandatory self-quarantine in Korea. Eighteen of them were from Asia — including 9 from the Philippines, three from Pakistan, two from Iraq, two from Kazakhstan and one from Indonesia. Two were from the United States and two from Mexico.For the past two weeks, 59.5 percent of the COVID-19 cases were imported from overseas. Of the country’s total 2,067 imported cases, 39 percent of them have come from Asia excluding China, followed by the Americas at 33.9 percent, Europe at 24.8 percent, Africa at 1.3 percent and China at 0.9 percent. Some 53.6 percent of the cases were detected after people entered the country, while the rest were found during the quarantine screening process at the border. The vast majority of the cases, or 68.2 percent, involved Korean nationals.As part of efforts to stem the imported cases, starting Monday, the government added two more countries to the list of “high-risk” countries, requiring those coming from the countries to submit a certificate issued within 48 hours proving they tested negative for the coronavirus.As for locally transmitted cases, two were registered in Seoul, one each in Gwangju and South Jeolla Province. So far, 12,572 people, or 91.3 percent, have been released from quarantine after making full recoveries, up 16 from a day earlier. Some 903 people are receiving medical treatment under quarantine.One more person died, raising the death toll to 296. The overall fatality rate stands at 2.15 percent — 2.56 percent for men and 1.82 percent for women. The rate is much higher for those in their 80s or over — 25.26 percent — and those in their 70s — 9.55 percent.The country has carried out 1,470,193 tests since Jan. 3, with 21,302 people awaiting results as of Wednesday.
Ole Gunnar Solskjaer sets Ed Woodward deadline to complete Man Utd summer transfer business Advertisement Metro Sport ReporterWednesday 8 May 2019 6:22 pmShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link48Shares Advertisement Ole Gunnar Solskjaer has reportedly decided to sell Anthony Martial this summer (Picture: Getty) Comment Ed Woodward has held several meetings with Ole Gunnar Solskjaer over Man Utd’s summer transfer business (Picture: Getty)Ole Gunnar Solskjaer wants Ed Woodward to complete Manchester United’s summer transfer business before the club’s pre-season tour of Australasia.The Norwegian masterminded a record-breaking run of form upon succeeding Jose Mourinho in December, but United’s results have tailed of disastrously in recent weeks.Sunday’s 1-1 draw at already relegated Huddersfield finally put paid to hopes of a top four finish and Solskajer’s side could face the ignominy of beginning a Europa League campaign on July 25 should they fail to overtake Arsenal following the final game of the domestic season on Sunday.Solskjaer has already publicly admitted that several members of his current squad lack the mentality to represent the club and will be discarded in the summer, regardless of their standing.AdvertisementAdvertisementADVERTISEMENTMore: Manchester United FCRio Ferdinand urges Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop Manchester United starNew Manchester United signing Facundo Pellistri responds to Edinson Cavani praiseEx-Man Utd coach blasts Ed Woodward for two key transfer errors Jadon Sancho is likely to remain at Borussia Dortmund this summer (Picture: Getty)The 46-year-old was reportedly furious with Anthony Martial he appeared to be day dreaming during the warm-up ahead of a crucial match with Chelsea last month, while Paul Pogba’s future remains a matter of intense speculation with Real Madrid ready to make a move during the close season.Solskjaer has reportedly outlined his intention to build his side around academy graduate Scott McTominay, who has grown in stature and influence in recent weeks, but is still expected to oversee a significant rebuild once the transfer re-opens.United begin their pre-season campaign on July 8 and are due to play their first friendly against Perth Glory five days later by which time the MEN reports that Solskjaer hopes to have welcomed several new faces to the fold.Solskjaer is not necessarily after star names, and is unlikely to be able to broker a deal for England teenage sensation Jadon Sancho, but wants to add to his forward line and strengthen at full-back.More: Manchester United FCRio Ferdinand urges Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop Manchester United starNew Manchester United signing Facundo Pellistri responds to Edinson Cavani praiseEx-Man Utd coach blasts Ed Woodward for two key transfer errors