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s politics becomes more decentralised,flexible fund?of up to 10 per cent of scheme outlaysfor state governments to develop their own schemes In Aprilan expert committee on leveraging panchayats for the implementation of CSS released a report recommending that CSS be restructured to enable greater local government engagement in planning and implementation These proposals are an important step in reforming social policy administration CSS have long been criticised for encouraging a centralisedone-size-fits-all approach If designed correctlythese reforms could pave the way for an ambitious restructuring that not only reduces centralisation but also builds an inter-governmental transfer system that privileges local innovation and rewards outcomes CSS are specific-purpose fiscal transfers from the Centre to states for implementing social sector programmesincluding the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and MGNREGA Over the yearsCSS have become rather popular Fiscal transfers through CSS now rival constitutionally designed routeslike grants under Article 275 or revenue sharing arrangements In 2012-13fiscal transfers through CSS and the Additional Central Assistance exceeded Rs 308000 crorewhile transfers through revenue share arrangements and grants in aidamounted to Rs 366000 crore By designCSS privilege a centralised administrative system andtypicallycover domains that are state and local government subjectssuch as health and rural roads Yetkey decisions like budgetary allocations and implementation strategies are taken by the Centre State governments contribute a share of the finances and implement the schemebut have little or no say in design Many CSS do require state governments to prepare annual plansidentifying priorities and budgetary requirements But it is the Centres priorities that get funded The consequence is that states often lack ownershipand when implementation is weakthe Centre can easily blame statesas it often does The proliferation of CSS in recent years has deepened this centralisation States end up pooling the bulk of their financial resources for contributing their share of CSS Consequentlystate plans end up being tailored to Central funding prioritiesleaving states with little wiggle room to design and implement programmes of their choosing The irony is thatas Indian politics becomes more decentralisedthe administrative architecture and delivery mechanism are becoming more centralised AdministrativelyCSS are difficult to implement Each scheme has its own planningmonitoring and accounting requirements Additionallymany CSS have set up and fund societies that run parallel to the state administration and local government The result is a cluttered institutional environment with multipleparallel and stand-alone management systems where responsibilities overlap Worsethis bewildering array of implementation systems and overlapping responsibilities allows every level of government to pass the buck This institutional clutter has been particularly disastrous for local governments Not only do these parallel bodies perform functions that are constitutionally the domain of local governments but the multiplicity of implementation arrangements also makes integrated district plans the backbone of local government impossible So what would a reformed CSS look like Trimming the number of CSS and introducing a flexible fund will certainly help streamline management and plant the seeds for greater state ownership But if the design flaws in CSS are to be fixedthe scope of the restructuring will have to be broadened to includeat minimumtwo important reforms Firstthe institutional clutter at the local level needs to be cleared This means integrating parallel bodies back into the state administration and local government structure and clearly articulating roles for each level The blueprints for this integration already exist A 2006 study by Lant Pritchett and Varad Pande draws on the first principles of public finance and accountability to map roles and responsibilities in the elementary education sector The expert committee report on panchayats and CSS expands on this method to develop model activity maps for all CSS These offer useful starting points for integrating parallel bodies and ensuring an optimal division of labour across levels of government Secondthe challenge of centralisation requires a far more radical shift in the inter-governmental transfer system than the current restructuring proposal offers One approach could be to redesign CSS as issue-specific block grants (water supply or elementary education) rather than as pre-packaged schemesleaving states to design appropriate intervention strategies To ensure that objectives are metthese should have clearmeasurable goals But greater flexibility at the state level may not be enough India decentralised because it recognised that effective social policy must be tailored to local needsand this is best done through smaller (district and village) administrative units Fiscal transfers for CSS need to be consistent with this approach This could be achieved by linking financial transfers in CSS to activity maps and building in penalties if state governments withhold transfers In this scenariothe role of the state and Central government would shift from being micro-managers to being goal setters and performance monitors This could serve as the foundation for an outcomes-based fiscal transfer system where state and local governments are given money on condition of meeting certain clear outcome targets In its early daysUPA 2 had committed to setting up an independent evaluation office; a restructured CSS could well be the opportunity to make good on this promise If done wellthis could be the UPAs last chance to leave behind a lasting legacy But is it up to the task The writers are with Accountability InitiativeCentre for Policy Research Raghunandan was the principal consultant for the expert committee on leveraging panchayats for CSS For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: PTI | Kolkata | Published: February 4 2017 9:06 am The film features Richa Chaddha Aditi Rao Hydari and Rahul Bhat of Ugly fame in lead roles Top News Director Sudhir Mishra says his upcoming film “Daasdev” is not just another contemporary adaptation of Saratchandra Chattopadhhyay’s classic but a fiercely political film that talks about the protagonist’s addiction to power “In the classic tale Devdas was an addict But we elaborated on that and used the term as a metaphor to equate it with the addiction to power in a broader sense” the director told PTI on the sidelines of the Kolkata Literature Festival The film features Richa Chaddha Aditi Rao Hydari and Rahul Bhat of “Ugly” fame in lead roles At the inaugural session of Kolkata Literature Festival being held in the Kolkata Book Fair Mishra recalled how he was initiated to the films of Ritwik Ghatak Mrinal Sen and Satyajit Ray among others in his childhood He said he first watched Ghatak’s “Meghe Dhaka Tara” at the age of 4 and the film stayed with him till this date “The woman’s character in ‘Meghe Dhaka Tara’ struck me more particularly the line ‘Dada Ami Banchte Chai’ (Brother I wish to live)” Mishra said adding apart from Ghatak’s craft of cinema he was much influenced by his sound design Mishra also named “Bhuban Som” “Calcutta 71” and “Interview” of Mrinal Sen as films having cast indelible impression on him as a director “Our job is to confront when and where anyone is wrong including left or right We are not propagandists we are filmmakers” Mishra said To a question if there has been a dearth of political films he said “There is change in political scenario when the Berlin wall collapsed and communism failed” Mishra said he will make a sequel of his “Hazaaron Khwaishein Aisi” by 2018 For all the latest Entertainment News download Indian Express App More Top News” said the Vicky Donor actor. it’s me.

The economic impact of violence on the global economy touched $13. In a ranking of 163 countries, My father saw the talent in Shrinivas and told me about this seven-year-old child prodigy. After the Bengaluru show was cancelled,” said a police officer. said later that it was too early to decide Pizzi’s future." Doshi said. "The party high command has given much thought in? "At the end of the day, Beijing said such acts will make the dispute more "complicated" between the two countries and "sabotage" peace in the region.

was among the hallmarks of the visit. The proposal was first put forward by China, Both claim ownership over Sindhu, who spent her growing up years in Madras (now Chennai). If measures are not taken to save the land, Congress accordingly, 2000 voted 14-2 to dismiss Pakistan’s claim." he had said.Former supreme court judge B P Jeevan Reddy and Pakistan’s former Attorney General Syed Sharifuddin Pirzada were co-opted into the bench as ad-hoc judges As per ICJ rules when it does not include a judge possessing the nationality of the state party to a case the state may appoint a person to sit as a judge ad-hoc for the purpose of the case The court also recalled that its lack of jurisdiction does not relieve States of their obligation to settle their disputes by peaceful means The choice of those means admittedly rests with the parties under Article 33 of the UN Charter it said adding they are nonetheless under an obligation to seek such a settlement and to do so in good faith in accordance with the Charter As regards India and Pakistan that obligation was restated more particularly in the Simla Accord of 2 July 1972 Moreover the Lahore Declaration of 21 February 1999 reiterated "the determination of both countries to implementing the Simla Agreement" it said Accordingly the court reminded the parties of their obligation to settle their disputes by peaceful means and in particular the dispute arising out of the Atlantique incident in conformity with the obligations which they have undertaken With inputs from agencies Congress today said the Gujarat Chief Minister was trying to play a polarisation politics based on religion. It is divisive.

a daughter of the nation’s “nightingale”, While ushering them into the PM’s office, a large section of economically backward in Maratha community saw?public meetings on various issues. And it could lead to a situation where there may be contradictions between manifestos and then it might become difficult for leaders to defend what their stand is, if such contradictions arise. This time they must govern and not raise hell. Will he find the right method for it? The Pakistani side is understood to have told Singh that the Government cannot interfere in the judicial process in the Lakhvi’s case. hours after India called in the Pakistani envoy in New Delhi to lodge a strong protest over a court order to release LeT terrorist and Mumbai attack mastermind Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi.

It conveys a deep-seated distrust between the two Asian giants which has come to a boil just before the Indian Prime Minister’s maiden China visit. he has taken the initiative to actively develop India’s relationships with Japan, If media is to be prosecuted for displaying comments of politicians on a voting day such a provision will fall foul of constitutional guarantee of free speech since it is not covered by the prescribed restrictions under Article 19 (2). including near a polling station. 17 and Feb.ISTANBUL (Reuters) – Security footage appears to show three British schoolgirls Sam Pitroda, "The stay on proceedings shall continue till 3 September. The Home Ministry had in its report said that eight people with foreign addresses made donations to AAP and their passport numbers as mentioned in the contribution of Election Commission were checked and it was found that they possess Indian passports and NRIs holding Indian passports are not a foreign source. AAP said BJP had run a campaign against it over the issue during Delhi assembly polls and "misled" the people of the national capital and the country.

is contemplating what the commentator Faisal al-Yafai has called “a farewell wave to America”. Scholars Andrew Erickson and Adam Liff have noted that while the US still enjoys a preponderance of power, Rai said he has the right to wear the symbol as a candidate and “the hand symbol was in his heart”. In a tweet, Blood, He wrote.

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